Reports of United States Tax Court, V. 141, July 1, 2013, to December 31, 2013 PDF Download

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Reports of United States Tax Court, V. 141, July 1, 2013, to December 31, 2013

Reports of United States Tax Court, V. 141, July 1, 2013, to December 31, 2013 PDF Author: Government Publications Office
Publisher: Government Printing Office
ISBN: 9780160926464
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 603

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Book Description
Volume of the United States Tax Court Reports containing case abstracts and opinions of the court regarding cases between July 1, 2013 December 31, 2013. Cases in each volume are listed in the prefatory table. The United States Tax Court is a federal trial court of record established by Congress under Article I of the U.S. Constitution, section 8 providing (in part) that Congress has the power to "constitute Tribunals inferior to the Supreme Court. “The Tax Court specializes in adjudicating disputes over federal income tax, generally prior to the time at which formal tax assessments are made by the Internal Revenue Service. Though taxpayers may choose to litigate tax matters in a variety of legal settings, outside of bankruptcy, the Tax Court is the only forum in which taxpayers may do so without having first paid the disputed tax in full. Parties who contest the imposition of a tax may also bring an action in any United States District Court, or in the United States Court of Federal Claims; however these venues require that the tax be paid first, and that the party then file a lawsuit to recover the contested amount paid (the "full payment rule”).” Contents 8 Findings of Fact 8 Background 8 John Hancock’s History9 Investment Process and Review10 Leasing10 LILO and SILO Transactions 10 Basic Structure 15 History 17 Due Diligence 18 The Hoosier Transaction 19 The LILO Test Transactions 20 OBB LILO20 Lease and Sublease23 End of Sublease Term25 SNCB 2 and SNCB 5 Lot 1 LILO Transactions25 Lease and Sublease28 End of Sublease Term 28 The SILO Test Transactions 29 TIWAG29 Lease and Sublease33 End of Sublease Term35 Two Dortmund Transactions35 Lease and Sublease38 End of Sublease39 SNCB SILO39 Grant and Subgrant42 End of Subgrant Term 43 Tax Returns, Notices of Deficiency, and Trial 43 Procedural History48 Trial 53 Opinion 53 Burden of Proof53 Principal Place of Business54 Leveraged Lease Transactions54 Frank Lyon58 LILO and SILO Litigation 77 The Test Transactions 78 Economic Substance79 Objective Inquiry88 Subjective Inquiry89 Substance Over Form91 OBB and SNCB LILO Transactions110 SILO Test Transactions 145 Interest Deductions 147 Original Issue Discount 149 Transaction Expenses 149 Conclusion NOTE: NO FURTHER DISCOUNTS FOR ALREADY REDUCED SALE ITEMS. Keywords: tax court reports, reports of the united states tax court, u.s. tax court reports, united states tax court reports, united states tax court, u.s. tax court, tax court

Reports of United States Tax Court, V. 141, July 1, 2013, to December 31, 2013

Reports of United States Tax Court, V. 141, July 1, 2013, to December 31, 2013 PDF Author: Government Publications Office
Publisher: Government Printing Office
ISBN: 9780160926464
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 603

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Book Description
Volume of the United States Tax Court Reports containing case abstracts and opinions of the court regarding cases between July 1, 2013 December 31, 2013. Cases in each volume are listed in the prefatory table. The United States Tax Court is a federal trial court of record established by Congress under Article I of the U.S. Constitution, section 8 providing (in part) that Congress has the power to "constitute Tribunals inferior to the Supreme Court. “The Tax Court specializes in adjudicating disputes over federal income tax, generally prior to the time at which formal tax assessments are made by the Internal Revenue Service. Though taxpayers may choose to litigate tax matters in a variety of legal settings, outside of bankruptcy, the Tax Court is the only forum in which taxpayers may do so without having first paid the disputed tax in full. Parties who contest the imposition of a tax may also bring an action in any United States District Court, or in the United States Court of Federal Claims; however these venues require that the tax be paid first, and that the party then file a lawsuit to recover the contested amount paid (the "full payment rule”).” Contents 8 Findings of Fact 8 Background 8 John Hancock’s History9 Investment Process and Review10 Leasing10 LILO and SILO Transactions 10 Basic Structure 15 History 17 Due Diligence 18 The Hoosier Transaction 19 The LILO Test Transactions 20 OBB LILO20 Lease and Sublease23 End of Sublease Term25 SNCB 2 and SNCB 5 Lot 1 LILO Transactions25 Lease and Sublease28 End of Sublease Term 28 The SILO Test Transactions 29 TIWAG29 Lease and Sublease33 End of Sublease Term35 Two Dortmund Transactions35 Lease and Sublease38 End of Sublease39 SNCB SILO39 Grant and Subgrant42 End of Subgrant Term 43 Tax Returns, Notices of Deficiency, and Trial 43 Procedural History48 Trial 53 Opinion 53 Burden of Proof53 Principal Place of Business54 Leveraged Lease Transactions54 Frank Lyon58 LILO and SILO Litigation 77 The Test Transactions 78 Economic Substance79 Objective Inquiry88 Subjective Inquiry89 Substance Over Form91 OBB and SNCB LILO Transactions110 SILO Test Transactions 145 Interest Deductions 147 Original Issue Discount 149 Transaction Expenses 149 Conclusion NOTE: NO FURTHER DISCOUNTS FOR ALREADY REDUCED SALE ITEMS. Keywords: tax court reports, reports of the united states tax court, u.s. tax court reports, united states tax court reports, united states tax court, u.s. tax court, tax court

Reports of the United States Tax Court

Reports of the United States Tax Court PDF Author: United States. Tax Court
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Taxation
Languages : en
Pages :

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Report of the United States Tax Court, July 1, 2015 to December 31 2015

Report of the United States Tax Court, July 1, 2015 to December 31 2015 PDF Author: Murphy, Sheila A.
Publisher: Government Printing Office
ISBN: 9780160934575
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 381

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Book Description
Report of the United States Tax Court, July 1, 2015 to December 31, 2015, Volume 145

Yearbook of the International Law Commission 2013, Vol. II, Part 2

Yearbook of the International Law Commission 2013, Vol. II, Part 2 PDF Author: International Law Commission
Publisher: United Nations
ISBN: 9210582705
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 104

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Book Description
The International Law Commission was established in 1947 with a view to carrying out the responsibility of the General Assembly, under article 13(1)(a) of the Charter of the United Nations, to “initiate studies and make recommendations for the purpose of ... encouraging the progressive development of international law and its codification.” Since its first session in 1949, the Commission has considered a wide-range of topics of international law and made a number of proposals for its codification and progressive development, some of which have served as the basis for the subsequent adoption of major multilateral treaties. The Yearbook of the International Law Commission contains the official records of the Commission and is an indispensable tool for the preservation of the legislative history of the documents emanating from the Commission, as well as for the teaching, study, dissemination and wider appreciation of the efforts undertaken by the Commission in the progressive development of international law and its codification. Volume II (Part Two) reproduces the edited version of the annual report of the Commission to the General Assembly.

Klaus Vogel on Double Taxation Conventions

Klaus Vogel on Double Taxation Conventions PDF Author: Ekkehart Reimert
Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.
ISBN: 9403512849
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 2556

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Book Description
Klaus Vogel on Double Taxation Conventions is regarded as the international gold standard on the law of tax treaties. This article-by-article commentary has been completely revised and updated to give you a full and current account of double tax conventions (DTCs). DTCs form the backbone of international taxation, but they raise many interpretational questions. This market leading work will provide you with the answers. Based on the OECD/G20 Multilateral Instrument, the OECD MC and Commentary published in 2017 and the most recent amendments to the UN MC, the book also includes relevant case law and scholarly literature upto and including 2020. Previous editions of the Vogel have been routinely relied on by courts around the world including Australia, Canada, Germany, India, South Africa, the Netherlands and United Kingdom. What’s new in this edition? There have been many important developments in this area since the last edition in 2015. The authors discuss these developments and the effect they will have upon practitioners working in this area. They also provide a wealth of new and revised case law, along with the DTCs of emerging countries. You’ll find: Reports about major features in the DTC practice of many leading jurisdictions, such as: the DTC practice of Austria, Canada, France, Germany, India, the Netherlands, Switzerland, the UK and the US Sections on divergent country practice covering their national models and networks of bilateral DTCs Thorough analysis of the OECD and UN model, as well as the implementation of these models in practice Amendments of bilateral DTCs, textual or in substance, on the basis of the 2017 Anti-BEPS Multilateral Instrument Coverage of a full range of the latest tax treaties around the world, including important treaties between OECD and BRICS countries This new Fifth Edition of Klaus Vogel on Double Taxation Conventions continues to reflect the unchallenged role of the OECD. The OECD MC, accompanied by the official Commentary, guidelines, reports and other recommendations, has sustained its position as the most important legal instrument in the area of DTCs. On occasion, the UN MC and Commentary diverge from the OECD texts. When this happens, the authors deal with the specifics of the UN MC in separate annotations and analyses, explaining and making sure you understand the differences. How this will help you: All the information you need to confidently advise on issues such as the taxation of income, taxation of capital and the elimination of double taxation Know that your advice to clients is based on the most up-to-date and respected information available, from an outstanding team of editors and authors The editors, Professors Ekkehart Reimer and Alexander Rust, have worked with the late Professor Vogel as well as an international team of top experts to completely update and enhance the content. The writing team comprises: Editors: Prof. Dr Ekkehart Reimer, Heidelberg University and Prof. Dr Alexander Rust, WU Vienna. Authors: Johannes Becker, Federal Ministry of Finance, Berlin; Alexander Blank, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg; Katharina Blank, Federal Ministry of Finance, Berlin; Michael Blank, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Prof. Dr Luc De Broe, Catholic University of Leuven; Laga; Prof. Dr Axel Cordewener, Catholic University of Leuven and Flick Gocke Schaumburg ; Prof. Dr Ana Paula Dourado, University of Lisbon; Daniela Endres-Reich, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg; Prof. Dr Werner Haslehner, University of Luxembourg; Prof. Dr Roland Ismer, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg; Prof. Dr Eric C. C. M. Kemmeren , Tilburg University; Prof. Dr Georg Kofler, WU Vienna; Sophia Piotrowski, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg; Prof. Dr Ekkehart Reimer, Heidelberg University; Prof. Dr Alexander Rust, WU Vienna; Annika Streicher, WU Vienna; Prof. Dr. Matthias Valta, Duesseldorf University; Jens Wittendorff, Ernst & Young, Copenhagen and University of Aarhus; Kamilla Zembala, Heidelberg University

BRICS and International Tax Law

BRICS and International Tax Law PDF Author: Peter Antony Wilson
Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.
ISBN: 9041194363
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 384

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Book Description
With the ongoing expansion of outbound foreign direct investment (FDI) in the countries representing the BRICS economic bloc (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa) – and with all of them at the same time listed among the top seven countries plagued by tax evasion and avoidance in the guise of illicit out ows – the ve governments, both individually and through cooperative initiatives, have devised new international tax strategies that are proving to be of great interest and value to other countries, both developing and developed. The core of these strategies addresses the necessity of stemming the out ow of revenue while strongly supporting FDI, both inbound and outbound while complying with international obligations including those arising from human rights laws. This book is the rst in-depth commentary on this new and evolving area of international tax law. The detailed analysis covers the entire eld of BRICS international tax law, considering topics such as the following: – information exchange procedures and pitfalls; – response to the OECD’s Base Erosion and Pro t-Sharing (BEPS) initiative; – role of bilateral and multilateral double taxation conventions including the Multilateral Instrument and the Bilateral Investment Treaties; – thin capitalization; – transfer pricing; – controlled foreign corporation rules; – shortcomings related to authorities’ limited manpower; – international audit and investigation procedures; – the BRICS approach to residence and mandatory and binding arbitration; and – the BRICS approach to shaping the developing world’s international tax system. Notably, the author personally conducted interviews with senior international representatives of the BRICS tax authorities, as well as with leading BRICS academics and practitioners. Tax cases, together with human rights and investment cases and administrative guidelines in all ve countries are also included in the analysis. The study concludes with recommendations for improving each of the ve countries’ tax law and procedures, especially in the area of dispute resolution. The author’s goal is to extend the existing body of knowledge of the BRICS’ international tax laws in order to assist in developing an understanding of the BRICS approach to dealing with evasion and avoidance: an approach which facilitates both outbound and inbound FDI, simpli es tax authority administration and establishes a basis for resolving international disputes which is compatible with sovereignty. In achieving this objective, the author has produced a major work that is of immeasurable value to tax advisers, government and governance of cials, academics and researchers both in developing international taxation strategies and in helping to resolve disputes with tax authorities.

Elements of International Income Taxation

Elements of International Income Taxation PDF Author: Philippe Malherbe
Publisher: Bruylant
ISBN: 2802750542
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 194

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Book Description
Income taxation is the fuel and vector of the economic policy of many states. This concise book, destined to students, practitioners and policy makers, explains the issues of taxation of transnational income in a world of sovereign states: how to prevent unjust and inefficient double taxation of the same income, by allocating the tax base between source and residence state and properly allowing in the latter for the tax levied in the former? How to prevent abuse by taxpayers or states, furthering tax evasion or avoidance and causing other but equally significant injustices and inefficiencies? Solutions developed over a century of practice are analyzed. That field of the legal art & science is still young and the paradigm for ideal taxation in the global village of the XXIst century is yet to be invented. An appendix includes the juxtalinear texts of the OECD and UN Model Conventions.

Catalog of Copyright Entries

Catalog of Copyright Entries PDF Author: Library of Congress. Copyright Office
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Copyright
Languages : en
Pages :

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VAT and Financial Services

VAT and Financial Services PDF Author: Robert F. van Brederode
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811034656
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 414

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Book Description
This book explains the theoretical and policy issues associated with the taxation of financial services and includes a jurisdictional overview that illustrates alternative policy choices and the legal consequences of those choices . The book addresses the question: how can financial services in an increasingly globalized market best be taxed through VAT while avoiding economic distortions? It supports the discussion of the key practical problems that have arisen from the particular complexity of the application of VAT to financial services, and allows for the evaluation of best practice by comparing the major current reform models now being implemented.

United States Code

United States Code PDF Author: United States
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description
"The United States Code is the official codification of the general and permanent laws of the United States of America. The Code was first published in 1926, and a new edition of the code has been published every six years since 1934. The 2012 edition of the Code incorporates laws enacted through the One Hundred Twelfth Congress, Second Session, the last of which was signed by the President on January 15, 2013. It does not include laws of the One Hundred Thirteenth Congress, First Session, enacted between January 2, 2013, the date it convened, and January 15, 2013. By statutory authority this edition may be cited "U.S.C. 2012 ed." As adopted in 1926, the Code established prima facie the general and permanent laws of the United States. The underlying statutes reprinted in the Code remained in effect and controlled over the Code in case of any discrepancy. In 1947, Congress began enacting individual titles of the Code into positive law. When a title is enacted into positive law, the underlying statutes are repealed and the title then becomes legal evidence of the law. Currently, 26 of the 51 titles in the Code have been so enacted. These are identified in the table of titles near the beginning of each volume. The Law Revision Counsel of the House of Representatives continues to prepare legislation pursuant to 2 U.S.C. 285b to enact the remainder of the Code, on a title-by-title basis, into positive law. The 2012 edition of the Code was prepared and published under the supervision of Ralph V. Seep, Law Revision Counsel. Grateful acknowledgment is made of the contributions by all who helped in this work, particularly the staffs of the Office of the Law Revision Counsel and the Government Printing Office"--Preface.