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The Global Currency Power of the US Dollar

The Global Currency Power of the US Dollar PDF Author: Anthony Elson
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030835197
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 205

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Book Description
This book explains how the US dollar serves as the primary reserve currency for the international financial system and assesses its prospects for the future. The book provides an analysis of the main factors that have given rise to the global currency power of the dollar and the key benefits that have accrued to both the United States and other countries from this arrangement. It then considers the growing costs that can be associated with the dollar-centered reserve system and the prospects for the medium-term in terms of its potential threats to global financial stability. In the light of these considerations, the book examines three alternative currency arrangements that could address some or all of the defects associated with the global currency power of the dollar. These include a shift to a multi-reserve currency system, an enhancement of the IMF’s role as an international lender of last resort and provider of global “safe” assets, and the introduction of central bank digital currencies. "A cogent, persuasive and timely look at the dollar's power." Kirkus Reviews

The Global Currency Power of the US Dollar

The Global Currency Power of the US Dollar PDF Author: Anthony Elson
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030835197
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 205

View

Book Description
This book explains how the US dollar serves as the primary reserve currency for the international financial system and assesses its prospects for the future. The book provides an analysis of the main factors that have given rise to the global currency power of the dollar and the key benefits that have accrued to both the United States and other countries from this arrangement. It then considers the growing costs that can be associated with the dollar-centered reserve system and the prospects for the medium-term in terms of its potential threats to global financial stability. In the light of these considerations, the book examines three alternative currency arrangements that could address some or all of the defects associated with the global currency power of the dollar. These include a shift to a multi-reserve currency system, an enhancement of the IMF’s role as an international lender of last resort and provider of global “safe” assets, and the introduction of central bank digital currencies. "A cogent, persuasive and timely look at the dollar's power." Kirkus Reviews

How Global Currencies Work

How Global Currencies Work PDF Author: Barry Eichengreen
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691191867
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 272

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Book Description
A powerful new understanding of global currency trends, including the rise of the Chinese yuan At first glance, the history of the modern global economy seems to support the long-held view that the currency of the world’s leading power invariably dominates international trade and finance. But in How Global Currencies Work, three noted economists overturn this conventional wisdom. Offering a new history of global finance over the past two centuries and marshaling extensive new data to test current theories of how global currencies work, the authors show that several national monies can share international currency status—and that their importance can change rapidly. They demonstrate how changes in technology and international trade and finance have reshaped the landscape of international currencies so that several international financial standards can coexist. In fact, they show that multiple international and reserve currencies have coexisted in the past—upending the traditional view of the British pound’s dominance before 1945 and the U.S. dollar’s postwar dominance. Looking forward, the book tackles the implications of this new framework for major questions facing the future of the international monetary system, including how increased currency competition might affect global financial stability.

The Power of Currencies and Currencies of Power

The Power of Currencies and Currencies of Power PDF Author: Alan Wheatley
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351223887
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 156

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Book Description
Today, a Great Power?s arsenal extends well beyond the military, embracing soft power and also currency power. The dollar dominates the global economy, used in settling trade and investment deals but also held in reserve in vast quantities by central banks in case of a payments crisis. This demand for dollars keeps US borrowing costs lower than they otherwise would be, reinforcing the country?s economic power and helping to pay for the world?s strongest armed forces. This Adelphi sets out how the US has regularly deployed the power of the dollar to put pressure on foes such as Iran, as well as allies including the United Kingdom and Germany. Contributors, including Robert Zoellick, the former head of the World Bank, and John Williamson, a leading expert on currencies, assess how long the US will be able to maintain this ?exorbitant privilege? in tandem with a rising China. Beijing, sensing that the global crisis might herald the end of the dollar?s supremacy, is eager to gain monetary power by carving out an international role for its own currency, the renminbi. The book examines the obstacles China must first overcome in its quest and the strategic consequences if it succeeds.

Currency Power

Currency Power PDF Author: Benjamin J. Cohen
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691181063
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 304

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Book Description
Monetary rivalry is a fact of life in the world economy. Intense competition between international currencies like the US dollar, Europe's euro, and the Chinese yuan is profoundly political, going to the heart of the global balance of power. But what exactly is the relationship between currency and power, and what does it portend for the geopolitical standing of the United States, Europe, and China? Popular opinion holds that the days of the dollar, long the world’s dominant currency, are numbered. By contrast, Currency Power argues that the current monetary rivalry still greatly favors America’s greenback. Benjamin Cohen shows why neither the euro nor the yuan will supplant the dollar at the top of the global currency hierarchy. Cohen presents an innovative analysis of currency power and emphasizes the importance of separating out the various roles that international money might have. After systematically exploring the links between currency internationalization and state power, Cohen turns to the state of play among today’s top currencies. The greenback, he contends, is the "indispensable currency"—the one that the world can’t do without. Only the dollar is backed by all the economic and political resources that make a currency powerful. Meanwhile, the euro is severely handicapped by structural defects in the design of its governance mechanisms, and the yuan suffers from various practical limitations in both finance and politics. Contrary to today’s growing opinion, Currency Power demonstrates that the dollar will continue to be the leading global currency for some time to come.

The Exorbitant Burden

The Exorbitant Burden PDF Author: Taranza T. Ganziro
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1785606409
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 280

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Book Description
This economic and political science work is a rigorous analysis that demonstrates that although it is a privilege and a benefit for the US to have its currency, the dollar, as the leading world reserve currency, the privilege also proves to be a very significant economic and security burden imposed on the nation.

The Offshore Renminbi

The Offshore Renminbi PDF Author: Robert Minikin
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118339282
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 275

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Book Description
The rise of the renminbi and what it means for forex markets Chinese authorities have ambitious plans to "internationalize"the renminbi, transforming it from a tightly controlled domesticlegal tender into a global currency for international trade, heldby both private and public sector asset managers. The OffshoreRenminbi examines this impending currency revolution, outliningwhy the emergence of China as a major economic power will likelysoon be matched by a transformation of the renminbi's role in theglobal financial system. It explains how new markets for "offshore"renminbi are developing outside mainland China since the country isnot yet ready to fully open up its economy to international capitalflows, and the regulations that govern them. The potential growth for the renminbi market is vast, thanks toChina's role in the global trading community. The early stages ofthe internationalization effort were small-scale, but momentum hasgreatly increased over the past 18 months, making this book morerelevant than ever. These developments offer new opportunities (andchallenges) for corporate treasurers and investors, as China'sprofound economic success and growing prominence in global trademay transform offshore renminbi into a new global reserve currencyand a legitimate competitor to the U.S. dollar. Explores how the "internationalization" of the renminbi islikely to yield a new global currency to rival the U.S. dollar Examines "offshore" renminbi and the host of new financialmarkets they have created, from a spot FX market to Dim Sum bondsin Hong Kong Covers broad themes of interest to general readers andpolicymakers, as well as more detailed issues of practical anddirect importance to corporate treasurers and investors The Chinese government has ambitious plans to make the renminbia global currency. The Offshore Renminbi explains thecomplexities of this strategy and the dramatic implications for theglobal FX markets.

The Future of Global Currency

The Future of Global Currency PDF Author: Benjamin J. Cohen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136845887
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 208

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Book Description
Can the euro challenge the supremacy of the U.S. dollar as a global currency? From the time Europe’s joint money was born, many have predicted that it would soon achieve parity with the dollar or possibly even surpass it. In reality, however, the euro has remained firmly planted in the dollar’s shadow. The essays collected in this volume explain why. Because of America’s external deficits and looming foreign debt, the dollar can never be as dominant as it once was. But Europe’s money is unable to mount an effective challenge. The euro suffers from a number of critical structural deficiencies, including an anti-growth bias that is built into the institutions of the monetary union and an ambiguous governance structure that sows doubts among prospective users. As recent events have demonstrated, members of the euro zone remain vulnerable to financial crisis. Moreover, lacking a single voice, the bloc continues to punch below its weight in monetary diplomacy. The world seems headed toward a leaderless monetary order, with several currencies in contention but none clearly dominant. This collection distils the views of one of the world’s leading scholars in global currency, and will be of considerable interest to students and scholars of international finance and international political economy.

Globalizing Capital

Globalizing Capital PDF Author: Barry Eichengreen
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691194580
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 320

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Book Description
Essential reading for understanding the international economy—now thoroughly updated Lucid, accessible, and provocative, and now thoroughly updated to cover recent events that have shaken the global economy, Globalizing Capital is an indispensable account of the past 150 years of international monetary and financial history—from the classical gold standard to today's post–Bretton Woods "nonsystem." Bringing the story up to the present, this third edition covers the global financial crisis, the Greek bailout, the Euro crisis, the rise of China as a global monetary power, the renewed controversy over the international role of the U.S. dollar, and the currency war. Concise and nontechnical, and with a proven appeal to general readers, students, and specialists alike, Globalizing Capital is a must-read for anyone who wants to understand where the international economy has been—and where it may be going.

Currency Wars

Currency Wars PDF Author: James Rickards
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 110155889X
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 320

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Book Description
In 1971, President Nixon imposed national price controls and took the United States off the gold standard, an extreme measure intended to end an ongoing currency war that had destroyed faith in the U.S. dollar. Today we are engaged in a new currency war, and this time the consequences will be far worse than those that confronted Nixon. Currency wars are one of the most destructive and feared outcomes in international economics. At best, they offer the sorry spectacle of countries' stealing growth from their trading partners. At worst, they degenerate into sequential bouts of inflation, recession, retaliation, and sometimes actual violence. Left unchecked, the next currency war could lead to a crisis worse than the panic of 2008. Currency wars have happened before-twice in the last century alone-and they always end badly. Time and again, paper currencies have collapsed, assets have been frozen, gold has been confiscated, and capital controls have been imposed. And the next crash is overdue. Recent headlines about the debasement of the dollar, bailouts in Greece and Ireland, and Chinese currency manipulation are all indicators of the growing conflict. As James Rickards argues in Currency Wars, this is more than just a concern for economists and investors. The United States is facing serious threats to its national security, from clandestine gold purchases by China to the hidden agendas of sovereign wealth funds. Greater than any single threat is the very real danger of the collapse of the dollar itself. Baffling to many observers is the rank failure of economists to foresee or prevent the economic catastrophes of recent years. Not only have their theories failed to prevent calamity, they are making the currency wars worse. The U. S. Federal Reserve has engaged in the greatest gamble in the history of finance, a sustained effort to stimulate the economy by printing money on a trillion-dollar scale. Its solutions present hidden new dangers while resolving none of the current dilemmas. While the outcome of the new currency war is not yet certain, some version of the worst-case scenario is almost inevitable if U.S. and world economic leaders fail to learn from the mistakes of their predecessors. Rickards untangles the web of failed paradigms, wishful thinking, and arrogance driving current public policy and points the way toward a more informed and effective course of action.

Exorbitant Privilege

Exorbitant Privilege PDF Author: Barry Eichengreen
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780199931095
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 226

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Book Description
In Exorbitant Privilege, one of the world's foremost economists, Barry Eichengreen, traces the historical rise of the dollar to international prominence. He shows how the greenback dominated internationally in the second half of the twentieth century for the same reasons that the United States dominated the global economy. But now, with the rise of China, and other emerging economies, America no longer towers over the global economy. It follows, Eichengreen argues, that the dollar will not be as dominant. But this does not mean that the coming changes will necessarily be sudden and dire - or that the dollar is doomed to lose its international status. Challenging the presumption that there is room for only one true global currency - either the dollar or something else - Eichengreen shows that several currencies have shared this international role over long periods. What was true in the distant past will be true, once again, in the not-too-distant future. With a new afterword that covers the Euro crisis and the U.S. debt-ceiling controversy, Exorbitant Privilege challenges both those who warn that the dollar is doomed and those who regard its continuing dominance as inevitable.