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A 25-Year Perspective on Logic Programming

A 25-Year Perspective on Logic Programming PDF Author: Agostino Dovier
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642143091
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 329

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Book Description
This book celebratesthe 25th anniversaryof GULP—the Italian Associationfor LogicProgramming.Authored by Italian researchersat the leading edge of their ?elds, it presents an up-to-date survey of a broad collection of topics in logic programming, making it a useful reference for both researchers and students. During its 25-year existence, GULP has organised a wide range of national and international activities, including both conferences and summer schools. It has been especially active in supporting and encouraging young researchers, by providing scholarships for GULP events and awarding distinguished disser- tions. WeintheinternationallogicprogrammingcommunitylookuponGULPwith a combination of envy, admiration and gratitude. We are pleased to attend its conferences and summer schools, where we can learn about scienti?c advances, catch up with old friends and meet young students. It is an honour for me to acknowledge our appreciation to GULP for its outstanding contributions to our ?eld and to express our best wishes for its continuing prosperity in the future. March 2010 Robert Kowalski Imperial College London Preface On June 18, 1985, a group of pioneering researchers, including representatives from industry, national research labs, and academia, attended the constituent assembly of the Group of researchers and Users of Logic Programming (GULP) association. That was the starting point of a long adventure in science, that 1 we are still experiencing 25 years later. This volume celebrates this important event.

A 25-Year Perspective on Logic Programming

A 25-Year Perspective on Logic Programming PDF Author: Agostino Dovier
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642143091
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 329

View

Book Description
This book celebratesthe 25th anniversaryof GULP—the Italian Associationfor LogicProgramming.Authored by Italian researchersat the leading edge of their ?elds, it presents an up-to-date survey of a broad collection of topics in logic programming, making it a useful reference for both researchers and students. During its 25-year existence, GULP has organised a wide range of national and international activities, including both conferences and summer schools. It has been especially active in supporting and encouraging young researchers, by providing scholarships for GULP events and awarding distinguished disser- tions. WeintheinternationallogicprogrammingcommunitylookuponGULPwith a combination of envy, admiration and gratitude. We are pleased to attend its conferences and summer schools, where we can learn about scienti?c advances, catch up with old friends and meet young students. It is an honour for me to acknowledge our appreciation to GULP for its outstanding contributions to our ?eld and to express our best wishes for its continuing prosperity in the future. March 2010 Robert Kowalski Imperial College London Preface On June 18, 1985, a group of pioneering researchers, including representatives from industry, national research labs, and academia, attended the constituent assembly of the Group of researchers and Users of Logic Programming (GULP) association. That was the starting point of a long adventure in science, that 1 we are still experiencing 25 years later. This volume celebrates this important event.

Declarative Logic Programming

Declarative Logic Programming PDF Author: Michael Kifer
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool
ISBN: 1970001976
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 615

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Book Description
The idea of this book grew out of a symposium that was held at Stony Brook in September 2012 in celebration of David S.Warren's fundamental contributions to Computer Science and the area of Logic Programming in particular. Logic Programming (LP) is at the nexus of Knowledge Representation, Artificial Intelligence, Mathematical Logic, Databases, and Programming Languages. It is fascinating and intellectually stimulating due to the fundamental interplay among theory, systems, and applications brought about by logic. Logic programs are more declarative in the sense that they strive to be logical specifications of "what" to do rather than "how" to do it, and thus they are high-level and easier to understand and maintain. Yet, without being given an actual algorithm, LP systems implement the logical specifications automatically. Several books cover the basics of LP but focus mostly on the Prolog language with its incomplete control strategy and non-logical features. At the same time, there is generally a lack of accessible yet comprehensive collections of articles covering the key aspects in declarative LP. These aspects include, among others, well-founded vs. stable model semantics for negation, constraints, object-oriented LP, updates, probabilistic LP, and evaluation methods, including top-down vs. bottom-up, and tabling. For systems, the situation is even less satisfactory, lacking accessible literature that can help train the new crop of developers, practitioners, and researchers. There are a few guides onWarren’s Abstract Machine (WAM), which underlies most implementations of Prolog, but very little exists on what is needed for constructing a state-of-the-art declarative LP inference engine. Contrast this with the literature on, say, Compilers, where one can first study a book on the general principles and algorithms and then dive in the particulars of a specific compiler. Such resources greatly facilitate the ability to start making meaningful contributions quickly. There is also a dearth of articles about systems that support truly declarative languages, especially those that tie into first-order logic, mathematical programming, and constraint solving. LP helps solve challenging problems in a wide range of application areas, but in-depth analysis of their connection with LP language abstractions and LP implementation methods is lacking. Also, rare are surveys of challenging application areas of LP, such as Bioinformatics, Natural Language Processing, Verification, and Planning. The goal of this book is to help fill in the previously mentioned void in the LP literature. It offers a number of overviews on key aspects of LP that are suitable for researchers and practitioners as well as graduate students. The following chapters in theory, systems, and applications of LP are included.

Logic Programming and Nonmonotonic Reasoning

Logic Programming and Nonmonotonic Reasoning PDF Author: Francesco Calimeri
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319232649
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 574

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Book Description
This volume contains the refereed proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Logic Programming and Nonmonotonic Reasoning, LPNMR 2015, held in September 2015 in Lexington, KY, USA. The 290long and 11 short papers presented together with 3 invited talks, the paper reporting on the Answer Set Programming competition, and four papers presented by LPNMR student attendees at the doctoral consortium were carefully reviewed and selected from 60 submissions. LPNMR is a forum for exchanging ideas on declarative logic programming, nonmonotonic reasoning, and knowledge representation. The aim of the LPNMR conferences is to facilitate interactions between researchers interested in the design and implementation of logic-based programming languages and database systems, and researchers who work in the areas of knowledge representation and nonmonotonic reasoning.

Logic Programming

Logic Programming PDF Author: Danny De Schreye
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262541046
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 450

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Book Description
Includes tutorials, lectures, and refereed papers on all aspects of logic programming, including theoretical foundations, constraints, concurrency and parallelism, deductive databases, language design and implementation, nonmonotonic reasoning, and logic programming and the Internet.The International Conference on Logic Programming, sponsored by the Association for Logic Programming, includes tutorials, lectures, and refereed papers on all aspects of logic programming, including theoretical foundations, constraints, concurrency and parallelism, deductive databases, language design and implementation, nonmonotonic reasoning, and logic programming and the Internet.

The Logic Programming Paradigm

The Logic Programming Paradigm PDF Author: Krzysztof R. Apt
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642600859
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 456

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Book Description
This exciting new text reveals both the evolution of this programming paradigm since its inception and the impressively broad scope of current research in the field. The contributors to this book are all leading world experts in Logic Programming, and they deal with both theoretical and practical issues. They address such diverse topics as: computational molecular biology, machine learning, mobile computing, multi-agent systems, planning, numerical computing and dynamical systems, database systems, an alternative to the "formulas as types" approach, program semantics and analysis, and natural language processing. XXXXXXX Neuer Text Logic Programming was founded 25 years ago. This exciting book reveals both the evolution of this programming paradigm and its impressively broad scope of current research. The contributions by leading computer scientists deal with both theoretical and practical issues. They address diverse topics such as: computational molecular biology, machine learning, mobile computing, multi-agent systems, numerical computing and dynamical systems, database systems, program semantics, natural language processing, and promising future directions.

Logic Programming and Nonmonotonic Reasoning

Logic Programming and Nonmonotonic Reasoning PDF Author: Michael Gelfond
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 354046767X
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 396

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Book Description
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Logic Programming and Nonmonotonic Reasoning, LPNMR '99, held in El Paso, Texas, USA, in December 1999. The volume presents 26 contributed papers and four invited talks, three appearing as extended abstracts and one as a full paper. Topics covered include logic programming, non-monotonic reasoning, knowledge representation, semantics, complexity, expressive power, and implementation and applicatons.

Logic Programming

Logic Programming PDF Author: Patricia M. Hill
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642028462
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 564

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Book Description
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 25th International Conference on Logic Programming, ICLP 2009, held in Pasadena, CA, USA, in July2009. The 29 revised full papers together with 9 short papers, 4 invited talks, 4 invited tutorials, and the abstracts of 18 doctoral consortium articles were carefully reviewed and selected from 69 initial submissions. The papers cover all issues of current research in logic programming, namely semantic foundations, formalisms, nonmonotonic reasoning, knowledge representation, compilation, memory management, virtual machines, parallelism, program analysis, program transformation, validation and verification, debugging, profiling, concurrency, objects, coordination, mobility, higher order, types, modes, programming techniques, abductive logic programming, answer set programming, constraint logic programming, inductive logic programming, alternative inference engines and mechanisms, deductive databases, data integration, software engineering, natural language, web tools, internet agents, artificial intelligence, bioinformatics.

Logic Programming

Logic Programming PDF Author: Maria Garcia Banda
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540899820
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 826

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Book Description
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 24th International Conference on Logic Programming, ICLP 2008, held in Udine, Italy, in December 2008. The 35 revised full papers together with 2 invited talks, 2 invited tutorials, 11 papers of the co-located first Workshop on Answer Set Programming and Other Computing Paradigms (ASPOCP 2008), as well as 26 poster presentations and the abstracts of 11 doctoral consortium articles were carefully reviewed and selected from 177 initial submissions. The papers cover all issues of current research in logic programming - they are organized in topical sections on applications, algorithms, systems, and implementations, semantics and foundations, analysis and transformations, CHRs and extensions, implementations and systems, answer set programming and extensions, as well as constraints and optimizations.

Computational Logic in Multi-Agent Systems

Computational Logic in Multi-Agent Systems PDF Author: Jürgen Dix
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642168671
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 197

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Book Description
Annotation This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed and revised post-conference proceedings of the 10th International Workshop on Computational Logic for Multi-Agent Systems, CLIMA X, held in Hamburg, Germany, in September 2009 - co-located with MATES 2009, the 7th German conference on Multi-Agent System Technologies. The 9 full papers, presented together with one invited paper, were carefully selected and reviewed from 18 submissions. The topics covered are formal approaches and model checking, belief-desire-intention, answer set programming and (multi- )agent systems, and coordination and deliberation.

Answer Set Programming for Continuous Domains: A Fuzzy Logic Approach

Answer Set Programming for Continuous Domains: A Fuzzy Logic Approach PDF Author: Jeroen Janssen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9491216597
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 174

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Book Description
Answer set programming (ASP) is a declarative language tailored towards solving combinatorial optimization problems. It has been successfully applied to e.g. planning problems, configuration and verification of software, diagnosis and database repairs. However, ASP is not directly suitable for modeling problems with continuous domains. Such problems occur naturally in diverse fields such as the design of gas and electricity networks, computer vision and investment portfolios. To overcome this problem we study FASP, a combination of ASP with fuzzy logic -- a class of manyvalued logics that can handle continuity. We specifically focus on the following issues: 1. An important question when modeling continuous optimization problems is how we should handle overconstrained problems, i.e. problems that have no solutions. In many cases we can opt to accept an imperfect solution, i.e. a solution that does not satisfy all the stated rules (constraints). However, this leads to the question: what imperfect solutions should we choose? We investigate this question and improve upon the state-of-the-art by proposing an approach based on aggregation functions. 2. Users of a programming language often want a rich language that is easy to model in. However, implementers and theoreticians prefer a small language that is easy to implement and reason about. We create a bridge between these two desires by proposing a small core language for FASP and by showing that this language is capable of expressing many of its common extensions such as constraints, monotonically decreasing functions, aggregators, S-implicators and classical negation. 3. A well-known technique for solving ASP consists of translating a program P to a propositional theory whose models exactly correspond to the answer sets of P. We show how this technique can be generalized to FASP, paving the way to implement efficient fuzzy answer set solvers that can take advantage of existing fuzzy reasoners.