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Biochar and Soil Biota

Biochar and Soil Biota PDF Author: Natalia Ladygina
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466576510
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 278

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Book Description
Biochar, a biomass that is burned at very high temperature in the absence of oxygen, has recently become an interesting subject of study. Biochar is highly stable and does not degrade; it possesses physical properties that assist in retention of nutrients in the soil. The use of biochar will undoubtedly have a significant impact not only on soil nutrients but also on soil organism communities and their functions. This book focuses on how the ecology and biology of soil organisms is affected by the addition of biochar to soils. It takes into account direct and indirect effects of biochar addition to soils, on the soil carbon cycle, impact on plant resistance to foliar and soilborne disease, interactions with pathogenic, mycorhizal and saprophytic fungi. The stability of biochar in soil environment is also discussed. Special focus has been put on application of biochar to remediate polluted soils, taking into account possible toxic effects of biochar on soil fauna. This book will be useful to students and researchers in agronomy, biology, ecology, and environmental managers from both academic as well as industrial organizations.

Biochar and Soil Biota

Biochar and Soil Biota PDF Author: Natalia Ladygina
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466576510
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 278

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Book Description
Biochar, a biomass that is burned at very high temperature in the absence of oxygen, has recently become an interesting subject of study. Biochar is highly stable and does not degrade; it possesses physical properties that assist in retention of nutrients in the soil. The use of biochar will undoubtedly have a significant impact not only on soil nutrients but also on soil organism communities and their functions. This book focuses on how the ecology and biology of soil organisms is affected by the addition of biochar to soils. It takes into account direct and indirect effects of biochar addition to soils, on the soil carbon cycle, impact on plant resistance to foliar and soilborne disease, interactions with pathogenic, mycorhizal and saprophytic fungi. The stability of biochar in soil environment is also discussed. Special focus has been put on application of biochar to remediate polluted soils, taking into account possible toxic effects of biochar on soil fauna. This book will be useful to students and researchers in agronomy, biology, ecology, and environmental managers from both academic as well as industrial organizations.

Biochar and Soil Biota

Biochar and Soil Biota PDF Author: Natalia Ladygina
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466576480
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 278

View

Book Description
Biochar, a biomass that is burned at very high temperature in the absence of oxygen, has recently become an interesting subject of study. Biochar is highly stable and does not degrade; it possesses physical properties that assist in retention of nutrients in the soil. The use of biochar will undoubtedly have a significant impact not only on soil nutrients but also on soil organism communities and their functions. This book focuses on how the ecology and biology of soil organisms is affected by the addition of biochar to soils. It takes into account direct and indirect effects of biochar addition to soils, on the soil carbon cycle, impact on plant resistance to foliar and soilborne disease, interactions with pathogenic, mycorhizal and saprophytic fungi. The stability of biochar in soil environment is also discussed. Special focus has been put on application of biochar to remediate polluted soils, taking into account possible toxic effects of biochar on soil fauna. This book will be useful to students and researchers in agronomy, biology, ecology, and environmental managers from both academic as well as industrial organizations.

Biochar for Environmental Management

Biochar for Environmental Management PDF Author: Johannes Lehmann
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134489536
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 944

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Book Description
Biochar is the carbon-rich product which occurs when biomass (such as wood, manure or crop residues) is heated in a closed container with little or no available air. It can be used to improve agriculture and the environment in several ways, and its persistence in soil and nutrient-retention properties make it an ideal soil amendment to increase crop yields. In addition to this, biochar sequestration, in combination with sustainable biomass production, can be carbon-negative and therefore used to actively remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, with potentially major implications for mitigation of climate change. Biochar production can also be combined with bioenergy production through the use of the gases that are given off in the pyrolysis process. The first edition of this book, published in 2009, was the definitive work reviewing the expanding research literature on this topic. Since then, the rate of research activity has increased at least ten-fold, and biochar products are now commercially available as soil amendments. This second edition includes not only substantially updated chapters, but also additional chapters: on environmental risk assessment; on new uses of biochar in composting and potting mixes; a new and controversial field of studying the effects of biochar on soil carbon cycles; on traditional use with very recent discoveries that biochar was used not only in the Amazon but also in Africa and Asia; on changes in water availability and soil water dynamics; and on sustainability and certification. The book therefore continues to represent the most comprehensive compilation of current knowledge on all aspects of biochar.

Soil Health

Soil Health PDF Author: Bhoopander Giri
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030443647
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 401

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Book Description
This book gathers the latest insights into soil health and its sustainability, providing an up-to-date overview of the various aspects of soil quality and fertility management, e.g., plant-microbe interactions to maintain soil health; and the use of algal, fungal and bacterial fertilizers and earthworms for sustainable soil health and agricultural production. It first discusses the past, present, and future scenarios of soil health, and then explores factors influencing soil health, as well as the consequences of degradation of soil health for sustainable agriculture. Lastly it highlights solutions to improve and maintain soil health so as to achieve greater productivity and sustainability without damaging the soil system or the environment. Soil health is defined as the capacity of a soil to function within ecosystem frontiers, to sustain biological productivity, to maintain environmental quality and to promote plant, animal and human health. Soil health is established through the interactions of physical, chemical and biological properties, e.g., soil texture, soil structure, and soil organisms. Healthy soil provides adequate levels of macro- and micronutrients to plants and contains sufficient populations of soil microorganisms. As a result of the increasingly intensified agriculture over the past few decades, soils are now showing symptoms of exhaustion and stagnating or declining crop yields. Exploring these developments as well as possible solutions based on holistic and sustainable approaches, this book is a valuable resource for researchers in the area of soil and environmental science, agronomy, agriculture, as well as students in the field of botany, ecology and microbiology.

Enzymes and Coenzymes—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition

Enzymes and Coenzymes—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition PDF Author:
Publisher: ScholarlyEditions
ISBN: 1464990581
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 2602

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Book Description
Enzymes and Coenzymes—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Enzymes and Coenzymes. The editors have built Enzymes and Coenzymes—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Enzymes and Coenzymes in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Enzymes and Coenzymes—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

NexGen Technologies for Mining and Fuel Industries (Volume I and II)

NexGen Technologies for Mining and Fuel Industries (Volume I and II) PDF Author: Pradeep K. Singh
Publisher: Allied Publishers
ISBN: 9385926403
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 1560

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Book Description
The papers in these two volumes were presented at the International Conference on “NexGen Technologies for Mining and Fuel Industries” [NxGnMiFu-2017] in New Delhi from February 15-17, 2017, organized by CSIR-Central Institute of Mining and Fuel Research, Dhanbad, India. The proceedings include the contributions from authors across the globe on the latest research on mining and fuel technologies. The major issues focused on are: Innovative Mining Technology, Rock Mechanics and Stability Analysis, Advances in Explosives and Blasting, Mine Safety and Risk Management, Computer Simulation and Mine Automation, Natural Resource Management for Sustainable Development, Environmental Impacts and Remediation, Paste Fill Technology and Waste Utilisation, Fly Ash Management, Clean Coal Initiatives, Mineral Processing and Coal Beneficiation, Quality Coal for Power Generation and Conventional and Non-conventional Fuels and Gases. This collection of contemporary articles contains unique knowledge, case studies, ideas and insights, a must-have for researchers and engineers working in the areas of mining technologies and fuel sciences.

Plant Growth and Stress Physiology

Plant Growth and Stress Physiology PDF Author: Dharmendra K. Gupta
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030784207
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 281

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Book Description
​This book aims to emphasize on basic concepts of plant growth, acclimation, and their adaptation to environment in changing conditions. The book will provide an updated perspective on the physical/mechanical stress, including biotic and abiotic stress, and induced responses in higher plants. This volume will also include a view of the stress recognition by plants and the cell signaling events triggered as a consequence, and will also address an appraisal of the plant oxidative stress metabolism under those circumstances. The book will explore how soil minerals and microbes are affecting plant growth, including elicitors and novel compounds which stimulate plant growth and the defence mechanisms issued by plants. This volume will also cover an overview on the enzymes which may regulate plant growth, as well as the evidences of the involvement of phytohormones and other signalling molecules in plant growth.

Biochar Application

Biochar Application PDF Author: T. Komang Ralebitso-Senior
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 012803436X
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 344

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Book Description
Biochar Application: Essential Soil Microbial Ecology outlines the cutting-edge research on the interactions of complex microbial populations and their functional, structural, and compositional dynamics, as well as the microbial ecology of biochar application to soil, the use of different phyto-chemical analyses, possibilities for future research, and recommendations for climate change policy. Biochar, or charcoal produced from plant matter and applied to soil, has become increasingly recognized as having the potential to address multiple contemporary concerns, such as agricultural productivity and contaminated ecosystem amelioration, primarily by removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and improving soil functions. Biochar Application is the first reference to offer a complete assessment of the various impacts of biochar on soil and ecosystems, and includes chapters analyzing all aspects of biochar technology and application to soil, from ecogenomic analyses and application ratios to nutrient cycling and next generation sequencing. Written by a team of international authors with interdisciplinary knowledge of biochar, this reference will provide a platform where collaborating teams can find a common resource to establish outcomes and identify future research needs throughout the world. Includes multiple tables and figures per chapter to aid in analysis and understanding Includes a comprehensive table of the methods used within the contents, ecosystems, contaminants, future research, and application opportunities explored in the book Includes knowledge gaps and directions of future research to stimulate further discussion in the field and in climate change policy Outlines the latest research on the interactions of complex microbial populations and their functional, structural, and compositional dynamics Offers an assessment of the impacts of biochar on soil and ecosystems

Biochar in European Soils and Agriculture

Biochar in European Soils and Agriculture PDF Author: Simon Shackley
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134654944
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 302

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Book Description
This user-friendly book introduces biochar to potential users in the professional sphere. It de-mystifies the scientific, engineering and managerial issues surrounding biochar for the benefit of audiences including policy makers, landowners and farmers, land use, agricultural and environmental managers and consultants, industry and lobby groups and NGOs. The book reviews state-of-the-art knowledge in an approachable way for the non-scientist, covering all aspects of biochar production, soil science, agriculture, environmental impacts, economics, law and regulation and climate change policy. Chapters provide ‘hands-on’ practical information, including how to evaluate biochar and understand what it is doing when added to the soil, how to combine biochar with other soil amendments (such as manure and composts) to achieve desired outcomes, and how to ensure safe and effective use. The authors also present research findings from the first coordinated European biochar field trial and summarize European field trial data. Explanatory boxes, infographics and concise summaries of key concepts are included throughout to make the subject more understandable and approachable.

Biochar for Environmental Management

Biochar for Environmental Management PDF Author: Dr. Johannes Lehmann
Publisher: Earthscan
ISBN: 1849770557
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 449

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Book Description
"Biochar is the carbon-rich product when biomass (such as wood, manure, or crop residues) is heated in a closed container with little or no available air. It can be used to improve agriculture and the environment in several ways, and its stability in soil and superior nutrient-retention properties make it an ideal soil amendment to increase crop yields. In addition to this, biochar sequestration, in combination with sustainable biomass production, can be carbon-negative and therefore used to actively remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, with major implications for mitigation of climate change. Biochar production can also be combined with bioenergy production through the use of the gases that are given off in the pyrolysis process.This book is the first to synthesize the expanding research literature on this topic. The book's interdisciplinary approach, which covers engineering, environmental sciences, agricultural sciences, economics and policy, is a vital tool at this stage of biochar technology development. This comprehensive overview of current knowledge will be of interest to advanced students, researchers and professionals in a wide range of disciplines"--Provided by publisher.