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Wild Crop Relatives: Genomic and Breeding Resources

Wild Crop Relatives: Genomic and Breeding Resources PDF Author: Chittaranjan Kole
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642212017
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 303

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Book Description
Wild crop relatives are now playing a significant part in the elucidation and improvement of the genomes of their cultivated counterparts. This work includes comprehensive examinations of the status, origin, distribution, morphology, cytology, genetic diversity and available genetic and genomic resources of numerous wild crop relatives, as well as of their evolution and phylogenetic relationship. Further topics include their role as model plants, genetic erosion and conservation efforts, and their domestication for the purposes of bioenergy, phytomedicines, nutraceuticals and phytoremediation. Wild Crop Relatives: Genomic and Breeding Resources comprises 10 volumes on Cereals, Millets and Grasses, Oilseeds, Legume Crops and Forages, Vegetables, Temperate Fruits, Tropical and Subtropical Fruits, Industrial Crops, Plantation and Ornamental Crops, and Forest Trees. It contains 125 chapters written by nearly 400 well-known authors from about 40 countries.

Wild Crop Relatives: Genomic and Breeding Resources

Wild Crop Relatives: Genomic and Breeding Resources PDF Author: Chittaranjan Kole
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642212017
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 303

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Book Description
Wild crop relatives are now playing a significant part in the elucidation and improvement of the genomes of their cultivated counterparts. This work includes comprehensive examinations of the status, origin, distribution, morphology, cytology, genetic diversity and available genetic and genomic resources of numerous wild crop relatives, as well as of their evolution and phylogenetic relationship. Further topics include their role as model plants, genetic erosion and conservation efforts, and their domestication for the purposes of bioenergy, phytomedicines, nutraceuticals and phytoremediation. Wild Crop Relatives: Genomic and Breeding Resources comprises 10 volumes on Cereals, Millets and Grasses, Oilseeds, Legume Crops and Forages, Vegetables, Temperate Fruits, Tropical and Subtropical Fruits, Industrial Crops, Plantation and Ornamental Crops, and Forest Trees. It contains 125 chapters written by nearly 400 well-known authors from about 40 countries.

Plant-Parasitic Nematodes of Coffee

Plant-Parasitic Nematodes of Coffee PDF Author: Ricardo M. Souza
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402087209
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 340

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Book Description
When I conceived this book, what I had in mind was what I did not know about coffee-parasitic nematodes (CPNs). Indeed, after reading many papers and several chapters in books, I felt far from having a comprehensive understanding of the subject. Not only would it be a daunting task to retrieve the numerous articles, reports, theses and dissertations on CPNs published since 1878, but it would also be impossible to learn, on my own, from all the enormous experience acquired by nematologists and coffee growers in so many countries. Therefore, this book is dedicated to those with restless minds, who want to know more about CPNs and their importance in coffee production worldwide. This book has been diligently written by top scientists in their areas of expertise or country, and it has been meticulously edited to guarantee precision without compromising an enjoyable read. I learned a lot from this book...I’m sure you will too. Finally, I’d like to thank Zuzana Bernhart from Springer, who believed in this project and decided to publish it; Susan Casement, who revised all chapters for grammatical correctness; and all the contributors, without whom this book would never have became a reality. Campos dos Goytacazes, RJ, Brazil Ricardo M. Souza vii Contents Part I The Crop 1 Coffee: The Plant and its Cultivation............................. 3 Henrique D. Vieira 2 The Coffee Industry: History and Future Perspectives.............. 19 Denis O. Seudieu Part II The Root-Lesion Nematode, Pratylenchus spp.

Tree Crops

Tree Crops PDF Author: Kodoth Prabhakaran Nair
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030621405
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 536

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Book Description
This book paints a wide canvas of the immense global economic potential of ten most important cash generating crops spread over Asia, Africa and Latin America, namely, Arecanut, Cashew Nut, Coconut, Cinchona, Cocoa, Coffee, Tea, Oil Palm, Rubber and Wattle. It provides a cross-sectoral, multi-scale assessment of the status of these crops, from seed to dining table, an invaluable treatise on the subject. Structured to be an invaluable tool for the inquisitive researcher, an ardent student, and, an insightful policy maker.

The Agronomy and Economy of Important Tree Crops of the Developing World

The Agronomy and Economy of Important Tree Crops of the Developing World PDF Author: K.P. Prabhakaran Nair
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780123846785
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 368

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Book Description
Major tree crops contribute substantially to the economy of many developing countries on the Asian, African and Latin American continents. For example, coffee is the main revenue earner for Kenya. This book provides a comprehensive review of the agronomy, botany, taxonomy, genetics, chemistry, economics, and future global prospects of a range of crops that have great food, industrial and economic value such as cocoa, coffee, cashew, oil palm and natural rubber. Discusses the major tree crops of great economic value to the developing world The author is an eminent scientist who has won numerous awards for his work in this area

Montane rainforest with wild Coffea arabica in Bonga region (SW Ethiopia): plant diversity, wild coffee management and implications for conservation

Montane rainforest with wild Coffea arabica in Bonga region (SW Ethiopia): plant diversity, wild coffee management and implications for conservation PDF Author:
Publisher: Cuvillier Verlag
ISBN: 3736920431
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 186

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Book Description
The montane rainforests of Ethiopia are the center of origin and genetic diversity of Coffea arabica L. (Rubiaceae). They form part of the Eastern Afromontane biodiversity hotspot due to the high threat of deforestation. Concepts for conservation of these forests and their wild coffee populations are urgently needed. For the present study, vegetation surveys were carried out in four forest fragments in the Bonga region (southwestern Ethiopia) situated between 1,560 and 2,280 m asl. A total of 309 vascular plant species including 16 endemics were recorded; 36 % of the species occur in all forest fragments, while 43 % are present in one fragment only. Ordination methods reveal that plant species composition is strongly influenced by the altitudinal gradient. The forest fragment Koma, which is located above 1,800 m asl, is characterized by high pterophyte diversity and high abundance of Afromontane endemics or near endemics. Forest below 1,800 m asl has a greater diversity of tree species and pytogeographical elements, and is further divided in a moister type (Mankira forest fragment) and a drier type (Kayakela forest fragment). Many species of the understory are frequent and abundant, so that the representative species number for a forest fragment can be captured with 10 study plots. In contrast, many tree species and epiphytes have low frequency, and the recording of their representative species number in a forest fragment requires 29 study plots. Wild coffee grows throughout the forest until 2,050 m asl except for extremely shaded and humid sites. Growth rates are very low, in particular during the main rainy season from July until October. Most wild coffee populations are utilized by local farmers. Three use types can be differentiated: (1) Unmanaged wild coffee has very low density in the shaded understory of undisturbed forest. Yields (clean coffee) are below 5 kg ha-1 a-1. (2) Forest coffee systems with low management intensity have an undisturbed forest structure, but some undergrowth vegetation is removed systematically. Abundance and size of coffee trees increase, and yields can reach 15 kg ha-1 a-1. (3) In semi-forest coffee systems, management intensity is high and forest structure is disturbed. Most undergrowth vegetation besides coffee is cleared at least once a year and some canopy trees are cut. Removal of competing plants and increased light penetration stimulate wild coffee growth. Yields average 35 kg ha-1 a-1. Low management intensity in forest coffee systems does not modify natural species composition. Abundance and distribution of tree species in unmanaged forest and forest coffee systems are currently governed by natural dynamics, but increasing demand for wood is likely to cause over-exploitation of some highly valued secondary forest and climax tree species. In semi-forest coffee systems, slashing of vegetation and related modification of forest microclimate have a strong impact on species composition and species population structures. Most mature individuals of woody species are coppiced, which favors species that regenerate well vegetatively. Species richness increases due to high numbers of ruderal herbs, climbers and pioneer species adapted to regeneration in disturbed sites. In contrast, the number and abundance of typical forest species that require shade and humidity decline. This is most pronounced regarding tree species. This study makes suggestions for a conservation concept that combines both protection of the original plant diversity of Afromontane forest and profitable use of wild coffee.

Foreign Agriculture

Foreign Agriculture PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Agriculture
Languages : en
Pages :

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Plant Breeding Abstracts

Plant Breeding Abstracts PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Plant breeding
Languages : en
Pages : 760

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Plant Parasitic Nematodes in Subtropical and Tropical Agriculture, 3rd Edition

Plant Parasitic Nematodes in Subtropical and Tropical Agriculture, 3rd Edition PDF Author: Richard A Sikora
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 1786391244
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 899

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Book Description
Covering all aspects of practical plant nematology in subtropical and tropical agriculture, the third edition of this definitive global reference work is fully revised and in full colour throughout. It covers the presence, distribution, symptomology and management of all economically important plant parasitic nematodes damaging the world's major food and cash crops. This includes: rice, cereals, solanum and sweet potatoes (and other root and tuber crops), food legumes, vegetables, peanut, citrus, fruit tree crops, coconut and other palms, coffee, cocoa, tea, bananas, sugarcane, tobacco, pineapple, cotton, other tropical fibres, spices and medicinal plants. New content for this edition includes: A chapter on nematode soil biodiversity and soil health; Reflections on the future impact of nematodes and nematology on food security; The importance of climate change, emerging threats, and new management technologies for large and small subsistence growers; Significant revisions to the IPM chapter and chapters on vegetables, citrus, legumes, tuber crops, cotton, peanut and banana where major advances in nematode management have occurred. This book is highly illustrated, with up-to-date practical guidance on methods of extraction, processing and diagnosing of different plant and soil nematodes and on integrated pest management. It remains an invaluable resource for those studying and working in the area of crop protection.

Asexual Propagation of Coffee

Asexual Propagation of Coffee PDF Author:
Publisher: Bib. Orton IICA / CATIE
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :

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Miscellaneous Publication

Miscellaneous Publication PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Agriculture
Languages : en
Pages :

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