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Differential Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder

Differential Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder PDF Author: Katherine K. M. Stavropoulos
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0197516882
Category : Family & Relationships
Languages : en
Pages : 249

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Book Description
"Although cases of autism can, in retrospect, be identified before Kanner's 1943 classic report (also see Donvan and Zucker 2016), it was Kanner's genius to put together the core features that we continue to associate with autism; autistic aloneness and restricted interests/difficulties with change. This description was straightforward and atheoretical and has stood the test of time even as we debate the boundaries of autism today. The early years following Kanner's initial presentation were plagued by a lack of consistency in diagnosis and several mistaken beliefs about autism, e.g., associations with childhood schizophrenia and inappropriate parenting. This changed dramatically in the 1970s as three lines of evidence helped establish the validity of autism as a diagnostic concept: These included: 1) the awareness that autism was a brain-based disorder associated with high rates of epilepsy with peaks of onset in early childhood and adolescence, 2) the first twin studies of autism made it clear that there was a very strong genetic component of autism with high concordance in MZ twins, and 3) children with autism responded best to structured teaching rather than unstructured psychotherapy (see Jackson and Volkmar, 2019 for a discussion)"--

Differential Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder

Differential Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder PDF Author: Katherine K. M. Stavropoulos
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0197516882
Category : Family & Relationships
Languages : en
Pages : 249

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Book Description
"Although cases of autism can, in retrospect, be identified before Kanner's 1943 classic report (also see Donvan and Zucker 2016), it was Kanner's genius to put together the core features that we continue to associate with autism; autistic aloneness and restricted interests/difficulties with change. This description was straightforward and atheoretical and has stood the test of time even as we debate the boundaries of autism today. The early years following Kanner's initial presentation were plagued by a lack of consistency in diagnosis and several mistaken beliefs about autism, e.g., associations with childhood schizophrenia and inappropriate parenting. This changed dramatically in the 1970s as three lines of evidence helped establish the validity of autism as a diagnostic concept: These included: 1) the awareness that autism was a brain-based disorder associated with high rates of epilepsy with peaks of onset in early childhood and adolescence, 2) the first twin studies of autism made it clear that there was a very strong genetic component of autism with high concordance in MZ twins, and 3) children with autism responded best to structured teaching rather than unstructured psychotherapy (see Jackson and Volkmar, 2019 for a discussion)"--

Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism Spectrum Disorder PDF Author: Christopher McDougle
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199349746
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 400

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Book Description
The Primer on Autism Spectrum Disorder provides a quick yet comprehensive overview of clinically-relevant topics related to autism spectrum disorder (ASD) for the medical or mental health student, trainee, or recent graduate who seeks efficient learning. Chapters are designed to give an overview of a topic area in real time while on a rotation; while studying for professional board examinations in primary care, pediatrics, neurology or psychiatry; or even during preparation for a presentation or discussion scheduled to occur the next day. The sections include Background and Diagnostic Assessment, Etiology, Treatment, and Other Care Delivery Services and Perspectives, with each chapter written by an internationally recognized expert in the field. The chapters on diagnosis and treatment are written from a practical "how to" perspective. Those on etiology are written with the clinician in mind. These clinically-focused chapters include one or more vignettes that present simulated patient cases designed to highlight teaching points related to each chapter's content area. The book ends with a chapter written by family members of individuals with ASD and another written by an adult with ASD that illustrate the human impact these disorders have on day-to-day lives, hopes, and dreams. At the end of each chapter, "Key Points" for summarizing the intended take home messages of each author/authors are listed.

DSM-5 Handbook of Differential Diagnosis

DSM-5 Handbook of Differential Diagnosis PDF Author: Michael B. First, M.D.
Publisher: American Psychiatric Pub
ISBN: 1585624624
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 340

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Book Description
The DSM-5® Handbook of Differential Diagnosis helps clinicians and students improve their skill in formulating a comprehensive differential diagnosis by including the DSM-5® classification and providing a variety of approaches, including a six-step diagnostic framework, 29 bottom-up "decision trees," and 66 differential diagnosis tables.

DSM-5® Handbook of Differential Diagnosis

DSM-5® Handbook of Differential Diagnosis PDF Author: Michael B. First
Publisher: American Psychiatric Pub
ISBN: 1585629987
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 340

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Book Description
The DSM-5® Handbook of Differential Diagnosis is the preeminent guide to differential diagnosis for both clinicians and students learning psychiatric diagnosis. Based closely on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, it offers a rich selection of perspectives in an easy-to-use format. The author, an expert on psychiatric diagnosis and assessment, recognizes that psychological distress cannot be reduced to a rubric. The clinician must have empathy, listening skills, the ability to identify symptoms and contextualize them, and a familiarity with the body of knowledge represented by DSM-5®. The handbook brings these critical skills together in a well-written, accessible, and reader-friendly volume that is grounded in the latest research and standard of practice. The handbook offers an assortment of approaches to differential diagnosis, and a number of features designed to benefit clinicians in the exam room, including: A six-step framework for diagnosing patients that proceeds from determining if the symptom is real to establishing the boundary between disorder and normality, with intermediary steps to rule out substance etiology and medical conditions, as well as to determine the primary disorder and to differentiate adjustment disorders from other mental disorders. Twenty-nine symptom-oriented decision trees that provide detailed decision points to facilitate the process of generating the differential diagnosis based on the presenting symptoms and eliminate formulating premature conclusions. Sixty-six differential diagnosis tables, one for each of the most important DSM-5® disorders, cross-referenced with the terminal branches of the decision trees presented in the handbook to provide a head-to-head comparison of each disorder, highlighting similarities and differences. The DSM-5® classification, to facilitate coding and to provide an overview of all of the DSM-5® diagnoses that must be considered in formulating a differential diagnosis. Alphabetical indexes of the decision trees and differential diagnosis tables to help readers readily locate desired material. DSM-5® Handbook of Differential Diagnosis provides a comprehensive overview of the process of diagnosing DSM-5® disorders while serving as a reference guide to assist in the differential diagnosis of individual patients. The handbook is an invaluable addition to the DSM-5® collection and an important contribution to the mental health profession.

Autism Spectrum Disorders from A to Z

Autism Spectrum Disorders from A to Z PDF Author: Barbara T. Doyle
Publisher: Future Horizons
ISBN: 9781932565072
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 492

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Book Description
Guiding readers step-by-step through the complex of symptoms, definitions, assessments and diagnoses of the variety of autism spectrum disorders, the authors provide practical strategies to improve the assessment process and help the child or adult deal with the stress of the evaluations.

The Psychiatric Interview for Differential Diagnosis

The Psychiatric Interview for Differential Diagnosis PDF Author: Lennart Jansson
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331933249X
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 270

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Book Description
This book offers an alternative to operational diagnostic manuals and manuals for structured interviewing as the only sources of theoretical and clinical knowledge. It provides an exposition of psychiatric interviewing that is theoretically and clinically well founded and supplies the reader with a coherent framework for performance of a thorough psychiatric examination. The goal is not to come up with yet another interview scheme but to facilitate an understanding of the basic (but, today, completely neglected) tenets of psychopathology and phenomenology. This exposition targets the disorders of subjectivity (consciousness), the second-person processes involved in converting subjective, first-person and observable data into a third person, diagnostically useful, format. In addition, the most pertinent clinical descriptions concerning the major diagnostic groups are presented and discussed.

Applied Behavior Analysis for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

Applied Behavior Analysis for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders PDF Author: Johnny L. Matson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441900883
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 270

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Book Description
Autism was once thought of as a rare condition, until the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network released the statistic that about 1 in every 150 eight-year-old children in various areas across the United States is afflicted by an autism spectrum disorder, or ASD. This news led to a dramatic expansion of research into autism spectrum disorders and to the emergence of applied behavior analysis (ABA) as the preferred method of treatment, even among prescribing practitioners. Applied Behavioral Analysis for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders ably synthesizes research data and trends with best-practice interventions into a comprehensive, state-of-the-art resource. Within its chapters, leading experts review current ABA literature in depth; identify interventions most relevant to children across the autism spectrum; and discuss potential developments in these core areas: Assessment methods, from functional assessment to single case research designs. Treatment methods, including reinforcement, replacement behaviors, and other effective strategies. The role of the differential diagnosis in ABA treatment planning. Specific deficit areas: communication, social skills, stereotypies/rituals. Target behaviors, such as self-injury, aggression, adaptive and self-help problems. ASD-related training concerns, including maintenance and transition issues, and parent training programs. This volume is a vital resource for researchers, graduate students, and professionals in clinical child and school psychology as well as the related fields of education and mental health.

Assessment of Autism Spectrum Disorder

Assessment of Autism Spectrum Disorder PDF Author: Anna P. Kroncke
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319255045
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 546

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Book Description
This book offers clear best-practice guidelines for the assessment of Autism Spectrum Disorder. It discusses both the rising rates of autism and the growing need for appropriate, effective treatments and services. The book examines measures and methods used in assessing for core symptoms of ASD as well as memory, attention, visual and spatial skills, and other areas relevant to autism assessment. In-depth material on differential diagnosis and a range of comorbid conditions depict the complexities of the assessment process and the necessity of accurate identification. The book's case vignettes and sample recommendations add practical and personal dimensions to issues and challenges surrounding diagnosis. Topics featured include:“ul> A practical guide to the comprehensive assessment process. Discussion of the assessment process from referral to recommendation. Diagnostic framework for ASD and other disorders School-based ASD eligibility evaluation. Assessment across the lifespan. /divAssessment of Autism Spectrum Disorder is an important tool for clinicians, practitioners, researchers and graduate students in the fields of child and school psychology, behavioral therapy, and social work as well as the related areas of psychiatry, pediatrics, forensic psychology, and educational and healthcare policy.

In a Page Pediatrics

In a Page Pediatrics PDF Author: Scott Kahan
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISBN: 9781405103268
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 324

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Book Description
Finally, find all of the information you need to know about a disease, all on one page! In a Page Pediatrics is your key to a fast and concise review of vital information. In this innovative one-page format, you can review etiology, epidemiology, signs and symptoms, differential diagnosis, and treatment options for over 250 diseases! Perfect for medical students -- physician assistants, nurse practitioners and related health professionals will also find In A Page valuable.

Assessment of Autism Spectrum Disorder, Second Edition

Assessment of Autism Spectrum Disorder, Second Edition PDF Author: Sam Goldstein
Publisher: Guilford Publications
ISBN: 1462533108
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 513

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Book Description
This authoritative resource, now thoroughly revised for DSM-5, has set the standard for the comprehensive assessment of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Leading experts demonstrate how to craft a scientifically grounded profile of each child?s strengths and difficulties, make a formal diagnosis, and use assessment data to guide individualized intervention in clinical and school settings. Chapters review state-of-the-art instruments and approaches for evaluating specific areas of impairment in ASD and co-occurring emotional and behavioral disorders. Considerations in working with children of different ages are highlighted. With a primary focus on children, several chapters also address assessment of adolescents and adults. ÿ New to This Edition *Chapter on key implications of DSM-5 diagnostic criteria, plus related updates throughout the volume. *Chapter on advances in early identification (ages 0?3). *Chapter with in-depth case examples illustrating the evaluation decision-making process and common diagnostic challenges. *Chapters on pseudoscience (including strategies for advising parents) and future directions in the field. *Current assessment data, numerous new and revised measures, and cutting-edge screening approaches.