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Disaster and Human History

Disaster and Human History PDF Author: Benjamin Reilly
Publisher: McFarland
ISBN: 9780786436552
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 399

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Book Description
Natural disasters have played an integral role in human history. Volcanic eruptions have been credited with the fall of civilizations, pandemic diseases have affected multiple generations, and massive famines have killed or impoverished millions. But in many cases, "natural" disasters are anything but. Famines are almost invariably caused by or related to domestic and international wars, diseases are either intentionally or unintentionally spread, and, while humans play little to no role in producing volcanoes and other earth phenomena, the impact of these events are worsened by human decisions. This book examines the relationship between humanity and the natural environment through the lens of natural disasters, where the interaction comes into sharpest focus. Instructors considering this book for use in a course may request an examination copy here.

Disaster and Human History

Disaster and Human History PDF Author: Benjamin Reilly
Publisher: McFarland
ISBN: 9780786436552
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 399

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Book Description
Natural disasters have played an integral role in human history. Volcanic eruptions have been credited with the fall of civilizations, pandemic diseases have affected multiple generations, and massive famines have killed or impoverished millions. But in many cases, "natural" disasters are anything but. Famines are almost invariably caused by or related to domestic and international wars, diseases are either intentionally or unintentionally spread, and, while humans play little to no role in producing volcanoes and other earth phenomena, the impact of these events are worsened by human decisions. This book examines the relationship between humanity and the natural environment through the lens of natural disasters, where the interaction comes into sharpest focus. Instructors considering this book for use in a course may request an examination copy here.

Disaster and Human History

Disaster and Human History PDF Author: Benjamin Reilly
Publisher: McFarland
ISBN: 1476688095
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 457

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Book Description
Human history is periodically punctuated by natural disasters, from Vesuvius' eruption to the modern-day COVID-19 pandemic. Volcanoes have buried entire cities, earthquakes have reduced structures to smoldering ruins. Floods and cyclones have wreaked havoc on river valleys and coastlines, and desertification and climate change have weakened society's underpinnings. Death tolls are often escalated by starvation and illness, which frequently occur in tandem. This second edition assesses natural disasters on human society and the effect of strategies developed to reduce their impact. This book addresses the interconnectivity of disaster and human responsibility through 23 updated case studies, including a new chapter on the 2011 Tōhoku tsunami and the ensuing Fukushima nuclear disaster.

Disaster and Human History

Disaster and Human History PDF Author: Benjamin Reilly
Publisher: McFarland
ISBN: 1476646899
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 457

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Book Description
Human history is periodically punctuated by natural disasters, from Vesuvius' eruption to the modern-day COVID-19 pandemic. Volcanoes have buried entire cities, earthquakes have reduced structures to smoldering ruins. Floods and cyclones have wreaked havoc on river valleys and coastlines, and desertification and climate change have weakened society's underpinnings. Death tolls are often escalated by starvation and illness, which frequently occur in tandem. This second edition assesses natural disasters on human society and the effect of strategies developed to reduce their impact. This book addresses the interconnectivity of disaster and human responsibility through 23 updated case studies, including a new chapter on the 2011 Tōhoku tsunami and the ensuing Fukushima nuclear disaster.

Resilience and Human History

Resilience and Human History PDF Author: Yumiko Nara
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 9811540918
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 221

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Book Description
This unique book provides a platform for resilience research, combining knowledge from various domains, such as genetics, primatology, archeology, geography, physical anthropology, cultural anthropology, medicine, ecology, psychology, risk management and systems science, in order to examine specific concepts. The term "resilience" was originally used in psychology, but in current-day usage, it mainly refers to the "ability to recover from disaster"; however, the concept of resilience is still ambiguous. This book challenges readers to reconsider the concept of resilience comprehensively from diverse perspectives and to re-conceptualize it as an important framework applicable in various research fields. The book explores resilience by expanding the time and space scales to the maximum. On the time axis, it traces back to our human ancestors (and even to anthropoid apes) and follows the evolution of humans, the origin of agriculture, the rise and fall of ancient civilizations, and the present day. On the space axis, it discusses levels ranging from genetic; bacterial flora; individual, indigenous communities; and modern societies; to the global level. As such it expands the base for considering the problems facing modern society and selecting a future direction. In the long history of evolution, we Homo sapiens have faced, and overcome, various kinds of risks. By acquiring resilience, we have surpassed other animals and become apparent rulers of the earth; but, at the same time, we are also facing more serious risks than ever before. This book provides insights into addressing the challenges of a sustainable future.

Transformative Eco-Education for Human and Planetary Survival

Transformative Eco-Education for Human and Planetary Survival PDF Author: Jing Lin
Publisher: IAP
ISBN: 1617355046
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 411

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Book Description
Transformative eco-education is environmental education that is literally needed to transform and save our planet, especially during the global ecological crises of our present century. Such education demands inner transformation of many deeply rooted ideas, such as the following: the Earth exists merely to provide for human comfort; the extinction or reduction of other species does not matter; we are free to consume or destroy natural resources at will but are safe from destruction ourselves; and the Earth will continue to sustain us, even if we do not sustain the Earth. Unless these concepts are changed, we will increase global warming and add to the ruin of much of the Earth. This book presents powerful ideas for transformative eco-education. At this time of ever-increasing ecological crisis, such education is needed more than ever before. We urge readers to use the ideas and activities in this book with your students, develop them further, and create new conceptions to share with other educators and students. The chapters in this book provide key principles, of which the following are just a few. First, educators can and should prepare students for natural disasters. Second, stories, case studies, the arts, and hands-on environmental experience, all enriched by reflection and discussion, can offer profound learning about ecology. Third, education at all levels can benefit from a true ecological emphasis. Fourth, teachers must receive preparation in how to employ transformative eco-education. Fifth, Indigenous wisdom can offer important, holistic, spiritual paths to understanding and caring for nature, and other spiritual traditions also provide valid ways of comprehending humans as part of the universal web of existence. Sixth, transformative eco-education can be an antidote to not only to environmental breakdown, but also to materialistic overconsumption and moral confusion. Seventh, we can only heal the Earth by also healing ourselves. If we heed these principles, together we can make transformative eco-education a blazing torch to light the path for the current century and beyond.

Natural Disasters: A Reference Handbook

Natural Disasters: A Reference Handbook PDF Author: David E. Newton
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1440867623
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 340

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Book Description
This book provides a detailed introduction to natural disasters and the ways in which they have had and continue to have, profound effects on human society. • Provides readers with a sound background in the science and technology of major natural disasters, such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and forest fires • Traces the development of human understanding of the causes and nature of such events • Discusses the ways in which natural events such as changing weather patterns may interact with human decisions and actions that lead to complex forms of disaster • Provides background on the specific contributions of individuals and organizations within the field that have yielded our mature understanding of the nature and impact of natural disaster • Suggests a host of practical resources to use in an extended study of the topic

Catastrophic Events and Mass Extinctions

Catastrophic Events and Mass Extinctions PDF Author: Christian Koeberl
Publisher: Geological Society of America
ISBN: 9780813723563
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 746

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Book Description


Natural Disasters and Cultural Change

Natural Disasters and Cultural Change PDF Author: John Grattan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134604912
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 368

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Book Description
Human cultures have been interacting with natural hazards since the dawn of time. This book explores these interactions in detail and revisits some famous catastrophes including the eruptions of Thera and Vesuvius. These studies demonstrate that diverse human cultures had well-developed strategies which facilitated their response to extreme natural events.

The Oxford Handbook of Environmental History

The Oxford Handbook of Environmental History PDF Author: Andrew Christian Isenberg
Publisher: Oxford University Press (UK)
ISBN: 0195324900
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 783

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Book Description
This book explores the methodology of environmental history, with an emphasis on the field's interaction with other historiographies such as consumerism, borderlands, and gender. It examines the problem of environmental context, specifically the problem and perception of environmental determinism, by focusing on climate, disease, fauna, and regional environments. It also considers the changing understanding of scientific knowledge.

Looking at Animals in Human History

Looking at Animals in Human History PDF Author: Linda Kalof
Publisher: Reaktion Books
ISBN: 9781861893345
Category : Art
Languages : en
Pages : 222

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Book Description
Taking in a wide range of visual and textual materials, Linda Kalof in Looking at Animals in Human History unearths many surprising and revealing examples of our depictions of animals.