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Kant’s Practical Philosophy Reconsidered

Kant’s Practical Philosophy Reconsidered PDF Author: Y. Yovel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401720169
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 262

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Book Description
That Kant's ideas remain vitally present in ethical thinking today is as impossible to deny as it is to overlook their less persisting aspects and sometimes outdated idiom. The essays in this volume attempt to reassess some crucial questions in Kant's practical philosophy both by sketching the lines for new systematic interpretations and by examining how Kantian themes apply to contemporary moral concerns. In the previous decade, when Kant was primarily read as an answer to utilitarianism, emphasis was mainly laid on the fundamentals of his moral theory, stressing such concepts as universalization, duty for its own sake, personal autonomy, unconditional imperatives or humanity as end-in-itself, using the Groundwork and its broader (ifless popular) systematic parallel, the Analytic of the Critique of Practical Reason, as main sources. In recent years, however, emphasis has shifted and become diversified. The present essays reflect this diversification in discussing the extension of Kantian ethics in the domains of law, justice, politics and moral history, and also in considering such meta-philosophical questions as the relation between the various "inter ests of reason" (as Kant calls them), above all between knowledge and moral practice. The papers were first presented at the Seventh Jerusalem Philosophical Encounter, held at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in December 1986. The Jerusalem Philosophical Encounters are a series of bi-annual international symposia, in which philosophers of different backgrounds meet in Jerusalem to discuss a common issue. Organized by the S. H.

Kant’s Practical Philosophy Reconsidered

Kant’s Practical Philosophy Reconsidered PDF Author: Y. Yovel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401720169
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 262

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Book Description
That Kant's ideas remain vitally present in ethical thinking today is as impossible to deny as it is to overlook their less persisting aspects and sometimes outdated idiom. The essays in this volume attempt to reassess some crucial questions in Kant's practical philosophy both by sketching the lines for new systematic interpretations and by examining how Kantian themes apply to contemporary moral concerns. In the previous decade, when Kant was primarily read as an answer to utilitarianism, emphasis was mainly laid on the fundamentals of his moral theory, stressing such concepts as universalization, duty for its own sake, personal autonomy, unconditional imperatives or humanity as end-in-itself, using the Groundwork and its broader (ifless popular) systematic parallel, the Analytic of the Critique of Practical Reason, as main sources. In recent years, however, emphasis has shifted and become diversified. The present essays reflect this diversification in discussing the extension of Kantian ethics in the domains of law, justice, politics and moral history, and also in considering such meta-philosophical questions as the relation between the various "inter ests of reason" (as Kant calls them), above all between knowledge and moral practice. The papers were first presented at the Seventh Jerusalem Philosophical Encounter, held at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in December 1986. The Jerusalem Philosophical Encounters are a series of bi-annual international symposia, in which philosophers of different backgrounds meet in Jerusalem to discuss a common issue. Organized by the S. H.

The Kantian Imperative

The Kantian Imperative PDF Author: Paul Saurette
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 0802048803
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 305

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Book Description
Immanuel Kant's moral philosophy is almost universally understood as the attempt to analyse and defend a morality based on individual autonomy. In The Kantian Imperative, Paul Saurette challenges this interpretation by arguing that Kant's 'imperative' is actually based on a problematic appeal to 'common sense' and that it is premised on, and seeks to further cultivate and intensify, the feeling of humiliation in every moral subject. Discerning the influence of this model on a wide variety of historical and contemporary political thought and philosophy and critical of its implications, Saurette explores its impact on the work of two seminal and contemporary thinkers in particular: Charles Taylor and J�rgen Habermas. Saurette also shows that an analysis of the Kantian imperative allows a better understanding of current political problems such as the U.S. torture scandal at Abu Ghraib in Iraq and broader post-9/11 U.S. foreign policy. The Kantian Imperative thus demonstrates that philosophy and political theory are as relevant to contemporary events as at any other time in history.

Feminist Interpretations of Immanuel Kant

Feminist Interpretations of Immanuel Kant PDF Author: Robin May Schott
Publisher: Penn State Press
ISBN: 0271030070
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 440

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Book Description
This volume presents radically divergent interpretations of Kant from feminist perspectives. Some essays see Kant as having contributed significantly to theories of rationality and autonomy in ways that can further feminist projects. Other essays argue that Kant is a preeminent exponent of patriarchal views and that gender hierarchies are inscribed in the very structure of his theories of morality and aesthetic judgment. But both sympathizers and critics challenge the accepted topography of Kantian philosophy by which central philosophical concerns are defined as those that are abstract, universal, and transcendental. Instead, these feminist writers resituate Kantian questions in the politics of everyday life and emphasize the embodied nature of knowledge, morality and aesthetics. They analyze dilemmas that face concentrate subjects, involving issues of friendship, collective responsibility, xenophobia, and colonialism, among others.

Duty, Virtue and Practical Reason in Kant's Metyphysics of Morals

Duty, Virtue and Practical Reason in Kant's Metyphysics of Morals PDF Author: Vicente De Haro Romo
Publisher: Georg Olms Verlag
ISBN: 3487421526
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 342

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Book Description
The 'Metaphysical Principles of the Doctrine of Virtue' (Metaphysische Anfangsgründe der Tugendlehre) is the second part of the 'Metaphysics of Morals' (Metaphysik der Sitten), published by Kant in 1797. This monographic study comments Kant ́s Tugendlehre as a refutation of the 'formalist' vision of Kant ́s Ethics. This late writing is shown as consistent with the moral philosophy already presented in the 'Groundwork' and the second 'Critique'. The 'Doctrine of Virtue' offers Kant ́s application of the categorical imperative and acknowledges the conditions of moral motivation and, in general, of human agency. Kant ́s derivation of duties of virtue (Tugendpflichten) is attentive to the fundamental characteristics of human nature, therefore it generates a system of ends that reason itself shows to be obligatory for the human faculty of choice. This book shows that Kant ́s 'Doctrine of Virtue' is worthy of being taken into a greater philosophical consideration.

Kant and Modern Political Philosophy

Kant and Modern Political Philosophy PDF Author: Katrin Flikschuh
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139428101
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description
In this book Katrin Flikschuh examines the relevance of Kant's political thought to major issues and problems in contemporary political philosophy. She advances and defends two principal claims: that Kant's philosophy of Right endorses the role of metaphysics in political thinking, in contrast to its generally hostile reception in the field today, and that his account of political obligation is cosmopolitan in its inception, assigning priority to the global rather than the domestic context. She shows how Kant's metaphysics of freedom as a shared idea of practical reason underlies the cosmopolitan scope of his theory of justice, and she concludes that despite the revival of 'Kantianism' in contemporary thinking, his account of justice is in many respects very different from dominant approaches in contemporary liberal theory. Her study will be of interest to political philosophers, political theorists, and historians of ideas.

Imagination in Kant's Critique of Practical Reason

Imagination in Kant's Critique of Practical Reason PDF Author: Bernard Freydberg
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 9780253111586
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 200

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Book Description
With particular focus on imagination, Bernard Freydberg presents a close reading of Kant's second critique, The Critique of Practical Reason. In an interpretation that is daring as well as rigorous, Freydberg reveals imagination as both its central force and the bridge that links Kant's three critiques. Freydberg's reading offers a powerful challenge to the widespread view that Kant's ethics calls for rigid, self-denying obedience. Here, to the contrary, the search for self-fulfillment becomes an enormously creative endeavor once imagination is understood as the heart of Kantian ethics. Seasoned scholars and newer students will find a surprising and provocative view of Kant's ethics in this straightforward and accessible book.

Immanuel Kant's Moral Theory

Immanuel Kant's Moral Theory PDF Author: Roger J. Sullivan
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521369084
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 413

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Book Description
This book, sure to become a standard reference work, is a comprehensive, lucid, and systematic commentary on Kant's practical (or moral) philosophy. Kant is arguably the most important moral philosopher of the modern period; yet, prior to this area in a single volume. Using as nontechnical a language as possible, Professor Sullivan offers a detailed, authoritative account of Kant's moral philosophy - including his ethical theory, his philosophy of history, his political philosophy, his philosophy of religion, and his philosophy of education - and demonstrates the historical, Kantian origins of such important notions as â€~autonomy', â€~respect for persons', â€~rights', and â€~duties'. An invaluable resource, this book will be extremely useful to advanced undergraduates, graduates, and professional philosophers alike.

The Genesis of Kant's Critique of Judgment

The Genesis of Kant's Critique of Judgment PDF Author: John H. Zammito
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226978559
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 479

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Book Description
In this philosophically sophisticated and historically significant work, John H. Zammito reconstructs Kant's composition of The Critique of Judgment and reveals that it underwent three major transformations before publication. He shows that Kant not only made his "cognitive" turn, expanding the project from a "Critique of Taste" to a Critique of Judgment but he also made an "ethical" turn. This "ethical" turn was provoked by controversies in German philosophical and religious culture, in particular the writings of Johann Herder and the Sturm und Drang movement in art and science, as well as the related pantheism controversy. Such topicality made the Third Critique pivotal in creating a "Kantian" movement in the 1790s, leading directly to German Idealism and Romanticism. The austerity and grandeur of Kant's philosophical writings sometimes make it hard to recognize them as the products of a historical individual situated in the particular constellation of his time and society. Here Kant emerges as a concrete historical figure struggling to preserve the achievements of cosmopolitan Aufkl-rung against challenges in natural science, religion, and politics in the late 1780s. More specifically Zammito suggests that Kant's Third Critique was animated throughout by a fierce personal rivalry with Herder and by a strong commitment to traditional Christian ideas of God and human moral freedom. "A work of extraordinary erudition. Zammito's study is both comprehensive and novel, connecting Kant's work with the aesthetic and religious controversies of the late eighteenth century. He seems to have read everything. I know of no comparable historical study of Kant's Third Critique."-Arnulf Zweig, translator and editor of Kant's ;IPhilosophical Correspondence, 1759-1799;X "An intricate, subtle, and exciting explanation of how Kant's thinking developed and adjusted to new challenges over the decade from the first edition of the Critique of Pure Reason to the appearance of the Critique of Judgment."—John W. Burbidge, Review of Metaphysics "There has been for a long time a serious gap in English commentary on Kant's Critique of Judgment; Zammito's book finally fills it. All students and scholars of Kant will want to consult it."—Frederick Beiser, Times Literary Supplement

Kant’s Philosophy of Mathematics

Kant’s Philosophy of Mathematics PDF Author: C.J. Posy
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401580464
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 380

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Book Description
Kant's views about mathematics were controversial in his own time, and they have inspired or infuriated thinkers ever since. Though specific Kantian doctrines fell into disrepute earlier in this century, the past twenty-five years have seen a surge of interest in and respect for Kant's philosophy of mathematics among both Kant scholars and philosophers of mathematics. The present volume includes the classic papers from the 1960s and 1970s which spared this renaissance of interest, together with updated postscripts by their authors. It also includes the most important recent work on Kant's philosophy of mathematics. The essays bring to bear a wealth of detailed Kantian scholarship, together with powerful new interpretative tools drawn from modern mathematics, logic and philosophy. The cumulative effect of this collection upon the reader will be a deeper understanding of the centrality of mathematics in all aspects of Kant's thought and a renewed respect for the power of Kant's thinking about mathematics. The essays contained in this volume will set the agenda for further work on Kant's philosophy of mathematics for some time to come.

The Cambridge Companion to Kant and Modern Philosophy

The Cambridge Companion to Kant and Modern Philosophy PDF Author: Paul Guyer
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521823036
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 722

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Book Description
This 2006 volume provides the broadest and deepest introduction to Kant currently available.