Legitimacy and Commitment in the Military

Legitimacy and Commitment in the Military PDF Author: Thomas C. Wyatt
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780313268151
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 217

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Book Description
Eleven essays written from the perspectives of psychology, sociology, history, philosophy, anthropology, and military studies by an international group of leading behavioral scientists explore the issues of legitimacy and commitment in the military, critically analyzing current "fault lines" and future trends in this area. Post-World War II wars are defined as "different" and are characterized by moral and political debate, demonstrations, conscientious objection, and more. Specific wars, such as in Vietnam and Algeria, military organizations, including the Soviet, Israeli, and U.S. Armies, and the individual soldier are scrutinized.

Military Legitimacy

Military Legitimacy PDF Author: Rudolph C. Barnes Jr
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136302565
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 208

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Book Description
Focusing on the challenges faced by the US military in responding to "operations other than war" in the post-Cold War era, Rudolph Barnes makes a plea for the US government to address the "organizational bias for combat" and "narrow traditionalist view of military professionalism" within the Pentagon, which, he argues, are serious obstacles to developing an effective capabiilty for operations other than war. He draws on examples from Vietnam to the mismanagement of US military involvement in Somalia.

Obeying Orders

Obeying Orders PDF Author: Mark J. Osiel
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351502565
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 408

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Book Description
A soldier obeys illegal orders, thinking them lawful. When should we excuse his misconduct as based in reasonable error? How can courts convincingly convict the soldier's superior officer when, after Nuremberg, criminal orders are expressed through winks and nods, hints and insinuations? Can our notions of the soldier's "due obedience," designed for the Roman legionnaire, be brought into closer harmony with current understandings of military conflict in the contemporary world? Mark J. Osiel answers these questions in light of new learning about atrocity and combat cohesion, as well as changes in warfare and the nature of military conflict. Sources of atrocity are far more varied than current law assumes, and such variations display consistent patterns. The law now generally requires that soldiers resolve all doubts about the legality of a superior's order in favor of obedience. It excuses compliance with an illegal order unless the illegality - as with flagrant atrocities - would be immediately obvious to anyone. But these criteria are often in conflict and at odds with the law's underlying principles and policies. Combat and peace operations now depend more on tactical imagination, self-discipline, and loyalty to immediate comrades than on immediate, unreflective adherence to the letter of superiors' orders, backed by threat of formal punishment. The objective of military law is to encourage deliberative judgment. This can be done, Osiel suggests, in ways that enhance the accountability of our military forces, in both peace operations and more traditional conflicts, while maintaining their effectiveness. Osiel seeks to "civilianize" military law while building on soldiers' own internal ideals of professional virtuousness. He returns to the ancient ideal of martial honor, reinterpreting it in light of new conditions, arguing that it should be implemented through realistic training in which legal counsel plays an enlarged role rather than by threat of legal prosecuti

With Ballot and Bayonet

With Ballot and Bayonet PDF Author: Joseph Allan Frank
Publisher: University of Georgia Press
ISBN: 9780820319759
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 304

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Book Description
Based on letters and diaries of more than a thousand soldiers, political scientist Joseph Allan Frank describes how political considerations were central to the development of the armies of the North and South--motivating soldiers, shaping officers, and assuring military cohesion. Illustrations.

Guide to Military Operations Other Than War

Guide to Military Operations Other Than War PDF Author: Keith E. Bonn
Publisher: Stackpole Books
ISBN: 9780811729390
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 361

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Book Description
Comprehensive reference for military forces and other agencies Peacekeeping, humanitarian assistance, nation assistance, civil agency support The first book to cover on-the-ground functions, such as working with international and interagency task forces; methods of coordination; rules of engagement; checkpoints; civilian population and movement control; evacuating noncombatants; distributing humanitarian aid; operating dislocated civilian camps; providing medical care; conducting cordons and searches; disarming belligerents; confiscating hostile weapons and equipment; conducting negotiations; exchanging prisoners; interacting with the media; and dozens of other military and civil support type operations.

Beyond the Battlefield

Beyond the Battlefield PDF Author: Sam C. Sarkesian
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483190021
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 304

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Book Description
Beyond the Battlefield: The New Military Professionalism presents the nature and character of military professionalism. This book describes the increasing tendency for the military to view professionalism mainly in terms of military skills. Organized into five parts encompassing 13 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the various concepts and definitions of military professionalism. This text then reexamines military professionalism in the post-Vietnam era with regard to perspectives on value convergence and empathy between military and society. Other chapters consider the changes in the international security environment and the complexity of national security policy. This book discusses as well the demands on the profession as a result of the changed security environment. The final chapter deals with the essential factors that establish the military mindset and world view, as well as determine the quality of civil–military relations. This book is a valuable resource for military professionals and sociologists.

Complex Battlespaces

Complex Battlespaces PDF Author: Christopher M. Ford
Publisher: Lieber Studies
ISBN: 0190915366
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 552

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Book Description
"This workshop, Complex Battlespaces: The Law of Armed Conflict and the Dynamics of Modern Warfare, was held at West Point on October 24-26, 2016. It marked the official opening of the Lieber Institute." -- ECIP forword.

Legitimising the Use of Force in International Politics

Legitimising the Use of Force in International Politics PDF Author: Corneliu Bjola
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135256853
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 228

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Book Description
This book aims to examine the conditions under which the decision to use force can be reckoned as legitimate in international relations. Drawing on communicative action theory, it provides a provocative answer to the hotly contested question of how to understand the legitimacy of the use of force in international politics. The use of force is one of the most critical and controversial aspects of international politics. Scholars and policy-makers have long tried to develop meaningful standards capable of restricting the use of force to a legally narrow yet morally defensible set of circumstances. However, these standards have recently been challenged by concerns over how the international community should react to gross human rights abuses or to terrorist threats. This book argues that current legal and moral standards on the use of force are unable to effectively deal with these challenges. The author argues that the concept of 'deliberative legitimacy', understood as the non-coerced commitment of an actor to abide by a decision reached through a process of communicative action, offers the most appropriate framework for addressing this problem. The theoretical originality and empirical value of the concept of deliberative legitimacy comes fully into force with the examination of two of the most severe international crises from the post Cold War period: the 1999 NATO intervention in Kosovo and the 2003 US military action against Iraq. This book will be of much interest to students of international security, ethics, international law, discourse theory and IR. Corneliu Bjola is SSHRC Postdoctoral Fellow with the Centre for Ethics at the University of Toronto, and has a PhD in International Relations.

The Military and Militarism in Israeli Society

The Military and Militarism in Israeli Society PDF Author: Edna Lomsky-Feder
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780791443521
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 323

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Book Description
Investigates the cultural and social constructions of issues related to war, the armed forces, and national security in Israel.

Armed Groups and International Legitimacy

Armed Groups and International Legitimacy PDF Author: William Plowright
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000351912
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 220

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Book Description
This book analyses the issue of child soldiers in order to understand how armed groups engage with international organizations to gain international legitimacy. The work examines why some armed groups ‘follow the rules’ of international humanitarian law and others do not. It argues that armed groups in conflicts around the world engage with international organizations in order to gain international legitimacy and to show they are following the laws of war. By examining the issue of child soldiers in contemporary armed conflict, the volume establishes a typology of which groups will engage with international actors and follow the laws of war – and which will not. The main aim of the book is to understand the rationality of even the most violent of actors, and to understand when and how armed groups can be encouraged to follow the laws of war. The work draws from extensive primary research conducted among armed groups in Syria and Myanmar, including al-Qaeda, the Islamic State, and the many small ethnic insurgent groups of Myanmar. This book will be of much interest to students of war and conflict studies, security studies, international humanitarian law, and International Relations.