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Making the Military Moral

Making the Military Moral PDF Author: Don Carrick
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9780367667580
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 176

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Book Description
This book offers a critical analysis, both theoretical and practical, of ethics education in the military. In the twenty-first century, it has become increasingly important to ensure that the armed forces of Western and other democracies fight justly and behave ethically. The 'good soldier' has to be not only professionally skilled but morally intelligent. At a time of relentless media scrutiny, the publicising of incidents of morally and legally unacceptable behaviour, such as the gross mistreatment of prisoners and the torture of suspected terrorists, can do much to undermine the credibility of those who claim to hold the moral high ground in any particular conflict. Written by an international team of academic theorists and military practitioners, this volume provides inter-disciplinary insights into the present state, and the future, of ethics education in the militaries of Western democracies. The contributors critically address the central question of whether such education is sufficient to prepare members of the armed forces to face the peculiar challenges of conflict environments that are now primarily 'wars among the people', in which the opposing combatants may have little or no regard for human life and fail to discriminate between soldiers and civilians when choosing their targets. Drawing lessons from recent examples of unethical conduct, this original book offers insightful and constructive advice, both theoretical and practical, as to how situations can be improved and on the means that could and should be employed towards this end. This book will be of much interest to students of military studies, ethics and international relations.

Making the Military Moral

Making the Military Moral PDF Author: Don Carrick
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9780367667580
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 176

View

Book Description
This book offers a critical analysis, both theoretical and practical, of ethics education in the military. In the twenty-first century, it has become increasingly important to ensure that the armed forces of Western and other democracies fight justly and behave ethically. The 'good soldier' has to be not only professionally skilled but morally intelligent. At a time of relentless media scrutiny, the publicising of incidents of morally and legally unacceptable behaviour, such as the gross mistreatment of prisoners and the torture of suspected terrorists, can do much to undermine the credibility of those who claim to hold the moral high ground in any particular conflict. Written by an international team of academic theorists and military practitioners, this volume provides inter-disciplinary insights into the present state, and the future, of ethics education in the militaries of Western democracies. The contributors critically address the central question of whether such education is sufficient to prepare members of the armed forces to face the peculiar challenges of conflict environments that are now primarily 'wars among the people', in which the opposing combatants may have little or no regard for human life and fail to discriminate between soldiers and civilians when choosing their targets. Drawing lessons from recent examples of unethical conduct, this original book offers insightful and constructive advice, both theoretical and practical, as to how situations can be improved and on the means that could and should be employed towards this end. This book will be of much interest to students of military studies, ethics and international relations.

Making the Military Moral

Making the Military Moral PDF Author: Don Carrick
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317102185
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 176

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Book Description
This book offers a critical analysis, both theoretical and practical, of ethics education in the military. In the twenty-first century, it has become increasingly important to ensure that the armed forces of Western and other democracies fight justly and behave ethically. The ‘good soldier’ has to be not only professionally skilled but morally intelligent. At a time of relentless media scrutiny, the publicising of incidents of morally and legally unacceptable behaviour, such as the gross mistreatment of prisoners and the torture of suspected terrorists, can do much to undermine the credibility of those who claim to hold the moral high ground in any particular conflict. Written by an international team of academic theorists and military practitioners, this volume provides inter-disciplinary insights into the present state, and the future, of ethics education in the militaries of Western democracies. The contributors critically address the central question of whether such education is sufficient to prepare members of the armed forces to face the peculiar challenges of conflict environments that are now primarily ‘wars among the people’, in which the opposing combatants may have little or no regard for human life and fail to discriminate between soldiers and civilians when choosing their targets. Drawing lessons from recent examples of unethical conduct, this original book offers insightful and constructive advice, both theoretical and practical, as to how situations can be improved and on the means that could and should be employed towards this end. This book will be of much interest to students of military studies, ethics and international relations.

Military Review

Military Review PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Military art and science
Languages : en
Pages :

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Pursuing Moral Warfare

Pursuing Moral Warfare PDF Author: Marcus Schulzke
Publisher: Georgetown University Press
ISBN: 1626166595
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 239

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Book Description
During combat, soldiers make life-and-death choices dozens of times a day. These individual decisions accumulate to determine the outcome of wars. This work examines the theory and practice of military ethics in counterinsurgency operations. Marcus Schulzke surveys the ethical traditions that militaries borrow from; compares ethics in practice in the US Army, British Army and Royal Marines Commandos, and Israel Defense Forces; and draws conclusions that may help militaries refine their approaches in future conflicts. The work is based on interviews with veterans and military personnel responsible for ethics training, review of training materials and other official publications, published accounts from combat veterans, and observation of US Army focus groups with active-duty soldiers. Schulzke makes a convincing argument that though military ethics cannot guarantee flawless conduct, incremental improvements can be made to reduce war’s destructiveness while improving the success of counterinsurgency operations.

Military Operations and the Mind

Military Operations and the Mind PDF Author: Stéphanie A. H Bélanger
Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
ISBN: 0773547177
Category : Command of troops
Languages : en
Pages : 256

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Book Description
An in-depth look at the battlefield of military ethics and soldiers' moral injuries and wars within

A Moral Military

A Moral Military PDF Author: Sidney Axinn
Publisher: Temple University Press
ISBN: 1592139574
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 240

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Book Description
In this new edition of the classic book on the moral conduct of war, Sidney Axinn provides a full-length treatment of the military conventions from a philosophical point of view. Axinn considers these basic ethical questions within the context of the laws of warfare: Should a good soldier ever disobey a direct military order? Are there restrictions on how we fight a war? What is meant by “military honor,” and does it really affect the contemporary soldier? Is human dignity possible under battlefield conditions? Axinn answers “yes” to these questions. His objective in A Moral Military is to establish a basic framework for moral military action and to assist in analyzing military professional ethics. He argues for the seriousness of the concept of military honor but limits honorable military activity by a strict interpretation of the notion of war crime. With revisions and expansions throughout, including a new chapter on torture, A Moral Military is an essential guide on the nature of war during a time when the limits of acceptable behavior are being stretched in new directions.

Military Ends and Moral Means

Military Ends and Moral Means PDF Author: James John Graham
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Military art and science
Languages : en
Pages : 475

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Super Soldiers

Super Soldiers PDF Author: Jai Galliott
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317048431
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 194

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Book Description
The Spartan City State produced what is probably one of the most iconic and ruthless military forces in recorded history. They believed that military training and education began at birth. Post-World War II saw a shift to army tanks, fighter jets and missiles that would go on to fight the next huge battle in Northern Europe. Today, with the advent of unmanned systems, our hopes are attached to the idea that we can fight our battles with soldiers pressing buttons in distant command centres. However, soldiers must now be highly trained, super strong and have the intelligence and mental capacity to handle the highly complex and dynamic military operating environment. It is only now as we progress into the twenty-first century that we are getting closer to realising the Spartan ideal and creating a soldier that can endure more than ever before. This book provides the first comprehensive and unifying analysis of the moral, legal and social questions concerning military human enhancement, with a view toward developing guidance and policy that may influence real-world decision making.

Military ends and moral means: exemplifying the higher influences affecting military life and character; the motives to enlistment, etc

Military ends and moral means: exemplifying the higher influences affecting military life and character; the motives to enlistment, etc PDF Author: James John Graham
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :

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Moral Casuistry and the Ethics of Military Conflict

Moral Casuistry and the Ethics of Military Conflict PDF Author: Matthew J. Gaudet
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 426

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Book Description
This dissertation focuses on the normative relationship between formal ethical theory and practical moral decision-making. How do the ethical norms and standards which have their roots in a given religion or school of philosophy get used in practice, especially in an ethically pluralist environment? This dissertation takes up this question with specific respect to how the past four American Presidents, operating in the ethically pluralist political landscape of the post-Cold War America, justify decisions to use or refrain from using military force overseas. When presidential rhetoric is compared against the standards of typical ethical traditions (e.g. political realism, political liberalism, the just war tradition), American presidents will use an assortment of ethical principles appropriated from multiple scholarly and religious traditions to justify their decisions. While this may appear to be a form of fickle politicking, I will argue that this is, in fact, not the case, however. American Presidents are remarkably consistent in their rhetoric on war. They only seem fickle if we judge them on the basis of the scholarly traditions. However, the consistency of presidential rhetoric reveals that it constitutes a 'Presidential' tradition of its own, complete with its own methodology and standards of judgement. The presidential tradition is primarily developed inductively in response to historical events, and only draws deductively from scholarly ethical principles when a historical shift necessitates a novel approach. The most prominent such shift in recent memory was the fall of the Iron Curtain and the end of the Cold War. That event prompted a paradigm shift in which new ethical concepts (e.g. the just war principles) entered the Presidential tradition and older principles (e.g. internationalism led by a functional United Nations), were resurrected. While these principles were drawn from the scholary ethical traditions, they are appropriated as "thin" principles, severed from their scholarly and religious grounding. In the presidential tradition, these principles become grounded instead in their history and precedents of the oval office. Because of this strong historical influence on the presidential tradition, the case history of "good" and "bad" wars in the American consciousness oftem serves as the moral standard for involvement in future wars. In ethical terms, the Presidential tradition uses a from of the moral method of casuistry when justifying their moral decisions to use or refrain from using military force overseas. Therefore, if a scholar wishes to influence the actual decisions being made by the oval office regarding war, his or her best approach would be to appeal to historical cases rather than scholarly principles in making a case for or against military intervention. In summary, it is my hypothesis that when the American President has justified the decision to go war over the past 25 years, he has done so by reference to a casuistic tradition of norms and narratives that mediates the foundational and overlapping tra0000000000ditions from which these norms and narratives have developed. In understanding both the existence and the function of this tradition the scholarly ethicist can learn to communicate more appropriately and persuasively with the decision makers in the oval office.