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Neural Nets: Applications in Geography

Neural Nets: Applications in Geography PDF Author: B. Hewitson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401111227
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 196

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Book Description
Neural nets offer a fascinating new strategy for spatial analysis, and their application holds enormous potential for the geographic sciences. However, the number of studies that have utilized these techniques is limited. This lack of interest can be attributed, in part, to lack of exposure, to the use of extensive and often confusing jargon, and to the misapprehension that, without an underlying statistical model, the explanatory power of the neural net is very low. Neural Nets: Applications for Geography attacks all three issues; the text demonstrates a wide variety of neural net applications in geography in a simple manner, with minimal jargon. The volume presents an introduction to neural nets that describes some of the basic concepts, as well as providing a more mathematical treatise for those wishing further details on neural net architecture. The bulk of the text, however, is devoted to descriptions of neural net applications in such broad-ranging fields as census analysis, predicting the spread of AIDS, describing synoptic controls on mountain snowfall, examining the relationships between atmospheric circulation and tropical rainfall, and the remote sensing of polar cloud and sea ice characteristics. The text illustrates neural nets employed in modes analogous to multiple regression analysis, cluster analysis, and maximum likelihood classification. Not only are the neural nets shown to be equal or superior to these more conventional methods, particularly where the relationships have a strong nonlinear component, but they are also shown to contain significant explanatory power. Several chapters demonstrate that the nets themselves can be decomposed to illuminate causative linkages between different events in both the physical and human environments.

Neural Nets: Applications in Geography

Neural Nets: Applications in Geography PDF Author: B. Hewitson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401111227
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 196

View

Book Description
Neural nets offer a fascinating new strategy for spatial analysis, and their application holds enormous potential for the geographic sciences. However, the number of studies that have utilized these techniques is limited. This lack of interest can be attributed, in part, to lack of exposure, to the use of extensive and often confusing jargon, and to the misapprehension that, without an underlying statistical model, the explanatory power of the neural net is very low. Neural Nets: Applications for Geography attacks all three issues; the text demonstrates a wide variety of neural net applications in geography in a simple manner, with minimal jargon. The volume presents an introduction to neural nets that describes some of the basic concepts, as well as providing a more mathematical treatise for those wishing further details on neural net architecture. The bulk of the text, however, is devoted to descriptions of neural net applications in such broad-ranging fields as census analysis, predicting the spread of AIDS, describing synoptic controls on mountain snowfall, examining the relationships between atmospheric circulation and tropical rainfall, and the remote sensing of polar cloud and sea ice characteristics. The text illustrates neural nets employed in modes analogous to multiple regression analysis, cluster analysis, and maximum likelihood classification. Not only are the neural nets shown to be equal or superior to these more conventional methods, particularly where the relationships have a strong nonlinear component, but they are also shown to contain significant explanatory power. Several chapters demonstrate that the nets themselves can be decomposed to illuminate causative linkages between different events in both the physical and human environments.

Computational Methods for Agricultural Research: Advances and Applications

Computational Methods for Agricultural Research: Advances and Applications PDF Author: do Prado, H‚rcules Antonio
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1616928735
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 524

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Book Description
"This book brings computing solutions to ancient practices and modern concerns, sowing the seeds for a sustainable, constant food supply, utilizing cutting-edge computational techniques"--Provided by publisher.

Neural Networks for Hydrological Modeling

Neural Networks for Hydrological Modeling PDF Author: Robert Abrahart
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203024117
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 316

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Book Description
A new approach to the fast-developing world of neural hydrological modelling, this book is essential reading for academics and researchers in the fields of water sciences, civil engineering, hydrology and physical geography. Each chapter has been written by one or more eminent experts working in various fields of hydrological modelling. The b

Geographic Information Science and Mountain Geomorphology

Geographic Information Science and Mountain Geomorphology PDF Author: Michael Bishop
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540426400
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 486

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Book Description
From the reviews: "Bishop and Schroder (both, Univ. of Nebraska at Omaha) have brought together an impressive group of practitioners in the relatively new application of geographic information science to mountain geomorphology. In doing so, they have produced valuable, first, overall coverage of a high-tech approach to mountain, three-dimensional research. More than 40 contributing authors discuss a wide range of related aspects.... The book is well bound and well produced; each chapter provides an extensive source of references. The numerous line drawings are clearly reproduced, although the mediocre quality of photographic reproduction limits the value of air photographs and satellite images. As is characteristic of many edited collections, there is some variation in chapter quality. Some of the writing is so dense that it requires minute concentration--one chapter, for instance, has 14 pages of references from a total of 43 pages. Nevertheless, this is a vital compendium for a rapidly expanding field of research. Summing Up: Recommended. Upper-division undergraduates through professionals." (J. D. Ives, Choice, March 2005)

Geocomputation

Geocomputation PDF Author: Robert J. Abrahart
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203305809
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 436

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Book Description
Geocomputation is essentially the follow-on revolution from Geographic Information Science and is expected to gather speed and momentum in the first decade of the 21st century. It comes into use once a GIS database has been set up, with a digital data library, and expanded and linked to a global geographical two or three dimensional co-ordinate system. It exploits developments in IT and new data gathering and earth observing technologies, and takes the notion of GIS beyond data and towards its analysis, modelling, and use in problem solving. This book provides pointers on how to harness these technologies in tandem and in the context of multiple different subjects and problem areas. It seeks to establish the principles and set the foundations for subsequent growth. L

Self-Organising Maps

Self-Organising Maps PDF Author: Pragya Agarwal
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470021682
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 214

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Book Description
Self-Organising Maps: Applications in GI Science brings together the latest geographical research where extensive use has been made of the SOM algorithm, and provides readers with a snapshot of these tools that can then be adapted and used in new research projects. The book begins with an overview of the SOM technique and the most commonly used (and freely available) software; it is then sectioned to look at the different uses of the technique, namely clustering, data mining and cartography, from a range of application-areas in the biophysical and socio-economic environments. Only book that takes SOM algorithm to the GIS and Geography research communities The Editors draw together expert contributors from the UK, Europe, USA, New Zealand, and South Africa Covers a range of techniques in clustering, data mining cartography, all featuring an appropriate case study

GeoComputation, Second Edition

GeoComputation, Second Edition PDF Author: Robert J. Abrahart
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466503289
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 475

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Book Description
A revision of Openshaw and Abrahart’s seminal work, GeoComputation, Second Edition retains influences of its originators while also providing updated, state-of-the-art information on changes in the computational environment. In keeping with the field’s development, this new edition takes a broader view and provides comprehensive coverage across the field of GeoComputation. See What’s New in the Second Edition: Coverage of ubiquitous computing, the GeoWeb, reproducible research, open access, and agent-based modelling Expanded chapter on Genetic Programming and a separate chapter developed on Evolutionary Algorithms Ten chapters updated by the same or new authors and eight new chapters added to reflect state of the art Each chapter is a stand-alone entity that covers a particular topic. You can simply dip in and out or read it from cover to cover. The opening chapter by Stan Openshaw has been preserved, with only a limited number of minor essential modifications having been enacted. This is not just a matter of respect. Openshaw’s work is eloquent, prophetic, and his overall message remains largely unchanged. In contrast to other books on this subject, GeoComputation: Second Edition supplies a state-of-the-art review of all major areas in GeoComputation with chapters written especially for this book by invited specialists. This approach helps develop and expand a computational culture, one that can exploit the ever-increasing richness of modern geographical and geospatial datasets. It also supplies an instructional guide to be kept within easy reach for regular access and when need arises.

The International Encyclopedia of Geography

The International Encyclopedia of Geography PDF Author: Douglas Richardson
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470659637
Category : Geography
Languages : en
Pages : 8217

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Book Description


Geographic Information Research

Geographic Information Research PDF Author: Massimo Craglia
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203211391
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 500

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Book Description
Geographic Information Research is a broad discipline, and is being actively pursued world-wide. A group of researchers in both North America and Europe have come together as contributors to this volume as a way of combining their expertise. The emphasis is on matters of political, strategic and organizational importance, rather than on technology or systems, and covers the theory and social and political practice which goes hand-in-hand with GIS.

GIS and Archaeological Site Location Modeling

GIS and Archaeological Site Location Modeling PDF Author: Mark W. Mehrer
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203563352
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 496

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Book Description
Although archaeologists are using GIS technology at an accelerating rate, publication of their work has not kept pace. A state-of-the-art exploration the subject, GIS and Archaeological Site Location Modeling pulls together discussions of theory and methodology, scale, data, quantitative methods, and cultural resource management and uses loc