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Non-invasive Brain Stimulation (NIBS) in Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Non-invasive Brain Stimulation (NIBS) in Neurodevelopmental Disorders PDF Author:
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128223472
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 408

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Book Description
Non-invasive Brain Stimulation (NIBS) in Neurodevelopmental Disorders, Volume 264 presents the latest updates on recent techniques used to examine the potential treatment of psychiatric and neurological disorders in adults. In this special issue, the book's authors and contributors provide a unique focus on the potential effects of non-invasive brain stimulation. Topics cover a range of reviews, opinions, methodologies, original research articles, and suggestions on how to better translate scientific knowledge into practice. This new release will help guide basic research and the development of therapeutic interventions for children and adolescents who suffer from neurodevelopmental disorders. Covers the effects of brain stimulation on different neurodevelopmental disorders Includes experimental studies in humans, animals and associated theoretical reviews Provides the most accurate and up-to-date coverage from selected international experts

Non-invasive Brain Stimulation (NIBS) in Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Non-invasive Brain Stimulation (NIBS) in Neurodevelopmental Disorders PDF Author:
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128223472
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 408

View

Book Description
Non-invasive Brain Stimulation (NIBS) in Neurodevelopmental Disorders, Volume 264 presents the latest updates on recent techniques used to examine the potential treatment of psychiatric and neurological disorders in adults. In this special issue, the book's authors and contributors provide a unique focus on the potential effects of non-invasive brain stimulation. Topics cover a range of reviews, opinions, methodologies, original research articles, and suggestions on how to better translate scientific knowledge into practice. This new release will help guide basic research and the development of therapeutic interventions for children and adolescents who suffer from neurodevelopmental disorders. Covers the effects of brain stimulation on different neurodevelopmental disorders Includes experimental studies in humans, animals and associated theoretical reviews Provides the most accurate and up-to-date coverage from selected international experts

The Safety and Efficacy of Noninvasive Brain Stimulation in Development and Neurodevelopmental Disorders

The Safety and Efficacy of Noninvasive Brain Stimulation in Development and Neurodevelopmental Disorders PDF Author: Lindsay M. Oberman
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 2889196992
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description
Noninvasive brain stimulation (including Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) and Transcranial Current Brain Stimulation (TCS)) can be used both experimentally and therapeutically. In the experimental domain TMS can be applied in single pulses to depolarize a small population of neurons in a targeted brain region. This protocol can be used, for example, to map cortical motor outputs, study central motor conduction time, or evaluate the cortical silent period (a measure of intracortical inhibition) all of which are relevant to neurodevelopment. TMS can also be applied in pairs of pulses (paired pulse stimulation, ppTMS) where two pulses are presented in rapid succession to study intracortical inhibition and facilitation. Trains of repeated TMS (rTMS) pulses can be applied at various stimulation frequencies and patterns to modulate local cortical excitability beyond the duration of the stimulation itself. Depending on the parameters of stimulation the excitability can be either facilitated or suppressed. TCS (including Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS), alternating current (tACS), and random noise current stimulation (tRNS) also have the potential to modulate cortical excitability and have also been used to study and modulate cortical activity in healthy and patient populations. The after-effects of rTMS and TCS are thought to be related to changes in efficacy (in either the positive or negative direction) of synaptic connections of the neurons being stimulated, thus these techniques have been used to study and modulate cortical plasticity mechanisms in a number of populations. Recently, researchers have begun to apply these techniques to the study of neurodevelopmental mechanisms as well as the pathophysiology and development of novel treatments for neurodevelopmental disorders. Though there is much promise, caution is warranted given the vulnerability of pediatric and clinical populations and the potential that these techniques have to modify circuit development in a cortex that is in a very dynamic state. This Research Topic hopes to provide an opportunity to share ideas across areas (human and animal researchers, clinicians and basic scientists). We are particularly interested in papers that address issues of choosing a protocol (intensity, frequency, location, coil geometry etc.), populations where noninvasive brain stimulation may have direct impact on diagnostics and treatment, as well as the safety and ethics of applying these techniques in pediatric populations. As many may not be aware of the potential and limitations of noninvasive brain stimulation and its use for research and treatment in this area, this Research Topic promises to have broad appeal. Submissions for all Frontiers article types are encouraged.

Non Invasive Brain Stimulation in Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences

Non Invasive Brain Stimulation in Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences PDF Author: Bernardo Dell'Osso
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030433560
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 370

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Book Description
This book presents the state of the art regarding the use of non-invasive brain stimulation (TMS and tDCS) in the research and treatment of neuropsychiatric disorders. The contributions, all of which were prepared by internationally recognized experts in the field, are divided into two main sections (for TMS and tDCS, respectively) across diagnoses, following an introductory section on the mechanisms of action and neurophysiological background. Neuropsychological perspectives and approaches are provided as well. The book is ultimately intended to offer a unique, integrated approach to the use of non-invasive brain stimulation across the clinical neurosciences, providing a comprehensive and updated perspective that will benefit psychiatrists, neurologists, clinical psychologists and neurophysiologists alike.

Neurotechnology and Brain Stimulation in Pediatric Psychiatric and Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Neurotechnology and Brain Stimulation in Pediatric Psychiatric and Neurodevelopmental Disorders PDF Author: Lindsay M. Oberman
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128127783
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 368

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Book Description
Neurotechnology and Brain Stimulation in Pediatric Psychiatric and Neurodevelopmental Disorders provides a comprehensive overview of neurotechnological devices as potential treatments for psychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorders in children and adolescents. Many neuropsychiatric disorders are covered such as Autism Spectrum Disorder, ADHD, Depression, Tourette’s Syndrome, and OCD. Different device-based treatments are discussed such as Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation, Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation, Deep Brain Stimulation, Chronotherapy, and Neurofeedback. Provides an overview of neuromodulatory devices as potential treatments for psychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorders in children and adolescents Gives evidence-based recommendations for non-drug interventions that may be effective for treatment options Discusses different neuromodulatory treatment options, including TMS, tDCS, DBS, chronotherapy and neurofeedback

Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Neuropsychiatric Disorders

Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Neuropsychiatric Disorders PDF Author: André R. Brunoni
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030761363
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 773

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Book Description
The 2nd edition of this book incorporates the tremendous clinical advances that have occurred in the field of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) over the past 5 years. Since the 1st edition was published, the clinical use of tDCS has moved from its infancy, and is now in a thrilling new phase with numerous possibilities as well as challenges. tDCS is a technique that excels in terms of safety and tolerability, and within a few years, novel technological developments will allow its use at home. At the same time, large, phase III trials have been exploring the clinical efficacy of tDCS, the results of which have been published in leading journals such as the New England Journal of Medicine and JAMA Psychiatry. This 2nd edition summarizes the state of the art of the field. Written by leading experts in the field, the book is divided into 5 parts: Introduction and Mechanisms of Action; Research Methods; tDCS in the life cycle; Applications of tDCS in neuropsychiatric disorders (further divided into Psychiatry and Neurology); and The clinical use of tDCS. It also includes several new chapters, covering topics such as precision stimulation of tDCS; combination of tDCS with different neuroimaging modalities; and use of tDCS in new clinical conditions. Moreover, all chapters have been rewritten and updated. This book will be of significant interest to psychiatrists, neurologists and neuroscientists new to the field as well as those with a background in tDCS who want to increase their understanding of particular psychiatric conditions.

Pediatric Brain Stimulation

Pediatric Brain Stimulation PDF Author: Adam Kirton
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128020385
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 500

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Book Description
Pediatric Brain Stimulation: Mapping and Modulating the Developing Brain presents the latest on this rapidly expanding field that has seen an exponential growth in publications over the past 10 years. Non-invasive modalities like TMS can painlessly map and measure complex neurophysiology in real patients. Neuromodulatory applications like rTMS and tDCS carry increasingly proven therapeutic applications. Rapidly advancing technological methodologies are increasing opportunities and indications. Despite all these benefits, applications in the more plastic developing brains of children are only just emerging. This book provides a comprehensive overview of brain stimulation in children. Chapters include Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) fundamentals, brain stimulation in pediatric neurological conditions, and invasive brain stimulation. The main audience for this research will be those interested in applying brain stimulation technologies to advance clinical research and patient care, although a wide variety of clinicians and scientist will find this to be a valuable reference on brain stimulation with specific chapters on a variety of conditions. Provides an overview of recent findings and knowledge of pediatric brain stimulation and the developing brain Edited by renowned leaders in the field of pediatric brain stimulation Presents a great resource for basic and clinical scientists and practitioners in neuroscience, neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry

Neuromodulation, An Issue of Psychiatric Clinics of North America E-Book

Neuromodulation, An Issue of Psychiatric Clinics of North America E-Book PDF Author: Scott T Aaronson
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0323641334
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description
This edition of Psychiatric Clinics, guest edited by Drs. Scott T. Aaronson and Noah S. Philip, will cover a variety of essential topics surrounding Neuromodulation in psychiatric treatment. Articles discuss Electroconvulsive therapy for depression (and other conditions), Clinical applications and basic mechanisms for deep brain stimulation, clinical studies of Vagus Nerve Stimulation, Transcranial magnetic stimulation for Depression and other disorders, Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation, Neuromodulation in Children, Efficacy Analyses of Neuromodulation, and Future Stimulation approaches/considerations.

The Neurophysiology of Developmental Stuttering: Unraveling the Mysteries of Fluency

The Neurophysiology of Developmental Stuttering: Unraveling the Mysteries of Fluency PDF Author: Pierpaolo Busan
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 2889745112
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description


The Burden of Adult ADHD in Comorbid Psychiatric and Neurological Disorders

The Burden of Adult ADHD in Comorbid Psychiatric and Neurological Disorders PDF Author: Stefano Pallanti
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030390519
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 371

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Book Description
This book highlights the importance of investigating for ADHD in adults with attention difficulties, poor memory and executive function impairments. The authors advocate a neurodevelopmental assessment approach in all phases of life, and explain how to perform such assessments. The identification of ADHD in adults with other psychiatric and neurological disorders will lead to a better response to treatments, and as a result reduce its social, economic and personal burden. ADHD can no longer be considered solely a pediatric condition, as it occurs in a significant proportion of adults worldwide. However, ADHD in adults is often unrecognized and untreated. Diagnosing the disorder in adulthood is a challenge, due not only to the different clinical presentation in this phase of life, but also to the fact that other conditions may mask the symptoms. ADHD constitutes a hidden comorbidity with a detrimental impact of those affected, and a poor response (or even non-response) to several treatments. Intended for psychiatrists, neurologists, specialists in gerontology and neuropsychology, this book is an indispensable resource for all mental health practitioners who want to optimize the treatment of patients affected by psychiatric and neurological disorders who respond poorly to standard treatments.

Best Practices in School Neuropsychology

Best Practices in School Neuropsychology PDF Author: Daniel C. Miller
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119790530
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 640

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Book Description
The latest edition of the gold standard in school neuropsychology references In the newly revised Second Edition of Best Practices in School Neuropsychology: Guidelines for Effective Practice, Assessment, and Evidence-Based Intervention, a team of psychological experts delivers a thoroughly updated treatment of modern issues and challenges in school neuropsychology. The editors provide comprehensive discussions of current assessment and intervention models, best practices in assessing cognitive processes, and the important task of collaborating with parents, educators, and other professionals. This latest edition includes: Explorations of the unique challenges posed by working with culturally diverse student populations Clinical advice for learning specialists and neuropsychologists engaged with special populations and students with academic disabilities, processing deficits, or medical disorders New chapters on assessment and intervention with children suffering from trauma or substance abuse Perfect for psychologists, neuropsychologists, clinicians, and academics working in or studying school environments, Best Practices in School Neuropsychology is a must-read reference for practitioners working with children and students who seek a one-stop reference for evidence-informed assessment and intervention guidelines.