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Oil, Democracy, and Development in Africa

Oil, Democracy, and Development in Africa PDF Author: John R. Heilbrunn
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139917013
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description
Oil, Democracy, and Development in Africa presents an optimistic analysis of the continent's oil-producing states. With attention to the complex histories, the interactions of key industry actors and policy makers, and the goals of diverse groups in society, this contribution fills a gap in the literature on resource-abundant countries. John R. Heilbrunn presents a positive assessment of circumstances in contemporary African oil exporters. The book demonstrates that even those leaders who are among the least accountable use oil revenues to improve their citizens' living standards, if only a little bit. As a consequence, African oil producers are growing economically and their people are living under increasingly democratic polities. Heilbrunn thus calls for a long-overdue reassessment of the impact of hydrocarbons on developing economies.

Oil, Democracy, and Development in Africa

Oil, Democracy, and Development in Africa PDF Author: John R. Heilbrunn
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139917013
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages :

View

Book Description
Oil, Democracy, and Development in Africa presents an optimistic analysis of the continent's oil-producing states. With attention to the complex histories, the interactions of key industry actors and policy makers, and the goals of diverse groups in society, this contribution fills a gap in the literature on resource-abundant countries. John R. Heilbrunn presents a positive assessment of circumstances in contemporary African oil exporters. The book demonstrates that even those leaders who are among the least accountable use oil revenues to improve their citizens' living standards, if only a little bit. As a consequence, African oil producers are growing economically and their people are living under increasingly democratic polities. Heilbrunn thus calls for a long-overdue reassessment of the impact of hydrocarbons on developing economies.

Corruption, Protection and Justice in Medieval Europe

Corruption, Protection and Justice in Medieval Europe PDF Author: Jonathan R. Lyon
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1009084097
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 439

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Book Description
What was an “advocate” (Latin: advocatus; German: Vogt) in the Middle Ages? What responsibilities came with the position and how did they change over time? With this groundbreaking study, Jonathan R. Lyon challenges the standard narrative of a “medieval” Europe of feudalism and lordship being replaced by a “modern” Europe of government, bureaucracy and the state. By focusing on the position of advocate, he argues for continuity in corrupt practices of justice and protection between 750 and 1800. This book traces the development of the role of church advocate from the Carolingian period onward and explains why this position became associated with the violent abuse of power on churches' estates. When other types of advocates became common in and around Germany after 1250, including territorial and urban advocates, they were not officeholders in developing bureaucracies. Instead, they used similar practices to church advocates to profit illicitly from their positions, which calls into question scholarly arguments about the decline of violent lordship and the rise of governmental accountability in European history.

Between Security Markets and Protection Rackets

Between Security Markets and Protection Rackets PDF Author: Marc von Boemcken
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
ISBN: 3863881893
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 323

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Book Description
Security is a social practice, which constitutes different formations of political order. Developing a political economy of security practice, the author distinguishes these formations with a view to the actual exchanges between various providers and receivers of security services. He thus departs from a popular perspective in political science, which charts ongoing transformations in the global security landscape along a series of categorical divisions between state and non-state or between the public and the private. A more rewarding analytical perspective conceives the two most dominant security formations in the contemporary world as either based on commercial or on compulsory relations.

Governance Without a State?

Governance Without a State? PDF Author: Thomas Risse
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231151209
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 310

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Book Description
Governance discourse centers on an "ideal type" of modern statehood that exhibits full internal and external sovereignty as well as a legitimate monopoly on the use of force. Yet modern statehood is actually an anomaly, both historically and within the current international system, whereas the condition of "limited statehood," wherein countries lack the capacity to implement central decisions and monopolize force, is the norm. But areas of limited statehood, argue the authors in this collection, are not wholly ungoverned or ungovernable spaces. Rather, the provision of public goods and services is possible even under adverse conditions. Challenging common assumptions about sovereign states and the evolution of modern statehood, this volume explores strategies for effective and legitimate governance within a framework of weak and ineffective state institutions. Approaching the problem from the perspectives of political science, history, and law, contributors explore the involvement of nonstate actors and nonhierarchical modes of political influence. They also analyze security governance by nonstate actors, the contribution of public--private partnerships to promote the United Nations Millennium Goals, the role of business in environmental governance, and the problems of Western state-building efforts.

Sword & Salve

Sword & Salve PDF Author: Peter J. Hoffman
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
ISBN: 1461642752
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 272

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Book Description
In the first book to systematically explore the linkages between war and emergency response, Hoffman and Weiss focus on the profound impact of new wars with non-state actors. The authors trace the evolution of the international humanitarian system from its inception in the 1860s through the current challenges cast by recent U.S. military action in Afghanistan and Iraq. By bringing historical perspective to bear on the mechanics of war and humanitarian action, Sword & Salve provides an essential analytical framework for grasping the nature of crises and how aid agencies can respond strategically rather than reactively to change. Students will find it a powerful tool for understanding the roles of state and non-state actors in international relations, as well as the panopoly of means and ends encompassed by contemporary humanitarianisms.

Humanitarianism and Challenges of Cooperation

Humanitarianism and Challenges of Cooperation PDF Author: Volker M. Heins
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317332210
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 248

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Book Description
Humanitarianism as a moral concept and an organized practice has become a major factor in world society. It channels an enormous amount of resources and serves as an argument for different kinds of interference into the "internal affairs" of countries and regions. At the same time, and for these very reasons, it is an ideal testing ground for successful and unsuccessful cooperation across borders. Humanitarianism and the Challenges of Cooperation examines the multiple humanitarianisms of today as a testing ground for new ways of global cooperation. General trends in the contemporary transformation of humanitarianism are studied and individual cases of how humanitarian actors cooperate with others on the ground are investigated. This book offers a highly innovative, empirically informed account of global humanitarianism from the point of view of cooperation research in which internationally renowned contributors analyse broad trends and present case studies based on meticulous fieldwork. This book will be of great interest to students and researchers in the areas of political science, international relations and humanitarianism. It is also a valuable resource for humanitarian aid workers.

Journal of Peace Research

Journal of Peace Research PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Peace
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description


Humanitarian Intervention

Humanitarian Intervention PDF Author: Thomas G. Weiss
Publisher: Polity
ISBN: 0745659802
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 249

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Book Description
"A singular development of the post Cold-War era is the use of military force to protect human beings. From Rwanda to Kosovo, Sierra Leone to East Timor, soldiers have rescued civilians in some of the world's most notorious war zones. Drawing on two decades of research, Thomas G. Weiss provides a compelling introduction to the theory and practice of humanitarian intervention in the modern world. He examines political, ethical, legal, strategic, economic, and operational dimensions and uses a wide range of cases to highlight key debates and controversies. This succinct and highly accessible survey is neither celebratory nor complacent. The author locates the normative evolution of what is increasingly known as 'the responsibility to protect' in the context of the war on terror and the 2005 UN World Summit. The result is an engaging exploration of the current dilemmas and future challenges for international humanitarian action in the 21st Century"--Provided by publisher.

Humanitarian Intervention

Humanitarian Intervention PDF Author: T. Weiss
Publisher: Polity
ISBN: 0745640214
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 215

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Book Description
A singular development of the post Cold-War era is the use of military force to protect human beings. From Rwanda to Kosovo, Sierra Leone to East Timor, soldiers have rescued civilians in some of the world’s most notorious war zones. Drawing on two decades of research, Thomas G. Weiss provides a compelling introduction to the theory and practice of humanitarian intervention in the modern world. He examines political, ethical, legal, strategic, economic, and operational dimensions and uses a wide range of cases to highlight key debates and controversies. This succinct and highly accessible survey is neither celebratory nor complacent. The author locates the normative evolution of what is increasingly known as “the responsibility to protect” in the context of the war on terror and the 2005 UN World Summit. The result is an engaging exploration of the current dilemmas and future challenges for international humanitarian action in the 21st Century.

Peacemaking and the Extractive Industries

Peacemaking and the Extractive Industries PDF Author: Natalie Ralph
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351285505
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 340

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Book Description
Peacemaking and the Extractive Industries addresses a significant gap in research on the political and diplomatic role of multinational corporations in peace processes in intrastate conflict: Corporate Peacemaking. The author focuses on corporations in the oil and mining sectors, supporting or participating in peace negotiations and mediation. The chapters explore national-level peace processes, as well as those at community and global levels. While the focus is on extractive companies, the findings are valuable to companies from all industries looking at peace-related processes. This ground-breaking book gives a comprehensive picture of how Corporate Peacemaking currently works, how it can be developed and implemented, and how it is likely to impact global governance and corporate culture in the future. The book demonstrates that Corporate Peacemaking has the potential to be a powerful element in international governance and peace efforts; and Ralph shows through the business case that companies, as well as communities, will benefit. Ralph presents a new framework for Corporate Peace that will assist companies from all sectors in countries experiencing violent conflict, in addition to instability, human rights abuses and poor governance. Based on rigorous academic research with practical case studies, it is essential reading for practitioners, academics, policy-makers and NGOs.