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Probability and Forensic Evidence

Probability and Forensic Evidence PDF Author: Ronald Meester
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108692478
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description
This book addresses the role of statistics and probability in the evaluation of forensic evidence, including both theoretical issues and applications in legal contexts. It discusses what evidence is and how it can be quantified, how it should be understood, and how it is applied (and, sometimes, misapplied). After laying out their philosophical position, the authors begin with a detailed study of the likelihood ratio. Following this grounding, they discuss applications of the likelihood ratio to forensic questions, in the abstract and in concrete cases. The analysis of DNA evidence in particular is treated in great detail. Later chapters concern Bayesian networks, frequentist approaches to evidence, the use of belief functions, and the thorny subject of database searches and familial searching. Finally, the authors provide commentary on various recommendation reports for forensic science. Written to be accessible to a wide audience of applied mathematicians, forensic scientists, and scientifically-oriented legal scholars, this book is a must-read for all those interested in the mathematical and philosophical foundations of evidence and belief.

Probability and Forensic Evidence

Probability and Forensic Evidence PDF Author: Ronald Meester
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108692478
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages :

View

Book Description
This book addresses the role of statistics and probability in the evaluation of forensic evidence, including both theoretical issues and applications in legal contexts. It discusses what evidence is and how it can be quantified, how it should be understood, and how it is applied (and, sometimes, misapplied). After laying out their philosophical position, the authors begin with a detailed study of the likelihood ratio. Following this grounding, they discuss applications of the likelihood ratio to forensic questions, in the abstract and in concrete cases. The analysis of DNA evidence in particular is treated in great detail. Later chapters concern Bayesian networks, frequentist approaches to evidence, the use of belief functions, and the thorny subject of database searches and familial searching. Finally, the authors provide commentary on various recommendation reports for forensic science. Written to be accessible to a wide audience of applied mathematicians, forensic scientists, and scientifically-oriented legal scholars, this book is a must-read for all those interested in the mathematical and philosophical foundations of evidence and belief.

Probability in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science

Probability in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science PDF Author: Jean Walrand
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030499952
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 380

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Book Description
This revised textbook motivates and illustrates the techniques of applied probability by applications in electrical engineering and computer science (EECS). The author presents information processing and communication systems that use algorithms based on probabilistic models and techniques, including web searches, digital links, speech recognition, GPS, route planning, recommendation systems, classification, and estimation. He then explains how these applications work and, along the way, provides the readers with the understanding of the key concepts and methods of applied probability. Python labs enable the readers to experiment and consolidate their understanding. The book includes homework, solutions, and Jupyter notebooks. This edition includes new topics such as Boosting, Multi-armed bandits, statistical tests, social networks, queuing networks, and neural networks. For ancillaries related to this book, including examples of Python demos and also Python labs used in Berkeley, please email Mary James at [email protected] This is an open access book.

Probability Models

Probability Models PDF Author: John Haigh
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 144715343X
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 287

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Book Description
The purpose of this book is to provide a sound introduction to the study of real-world phenomena that possess random variation. It describes how to set up and analyse models of real-life phenomena that involve elements of chance. Motivation comes from everyday experiences of probability, such as that of a dice or cards, the idea of fairness in games of chance, and the random ways in which, say, birthdays are shared or particular events arise. Applications include branching processes, random walks, Markov chains, queues, renewal theory, and Brownian motion. This textbook contains many worked examples and several chapters have been updated and expanded for the second edition. Some mathematical knowledge is assumed. The reader should have the ability to work with unions, intersections and complements of sets; a good facility with calculus, including integration, sequences and series; and appreciation of the logical development of an argument. Probability Models is designed to aid students studying probability as part of an undergraduate course on mathematics or mathematics and statistics.

Probability Theory and Applications

Probability Theory and Applications PDF Author: Enders A. Robinson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400953860
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 420

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Book Description
Probability theory and its applications represent a discipline of fun damental importance to nearly all people working in the high-tech nology world that surrounds us. There is increasing awareness that we should ask not "Is it so?" but rather "What is the probability that it is so?" As a result, most colleges and universities require a course in mathematical probability to be given as part of the undergraduate training of all scientists, engineers, and mathematicians. This book is a text for a first course in the mathematical theory of probability for undergraduate students who have the prerequisite of at least two, and better three, semesters of calculus. In particular, the student must have a good working knowledge of power series expan sions and integration. Moreover, it would be helpful if the student has had some previous exposure to elementary probability theory, either in an elementary statistics course or a finite mathematics course in high school or college. If these prerequisites are met, then a good part of the material in this book can be covered in a semester (IS-week) course that meets three hours a week.

Probability

Probability PDF Author: Samuel Goldberg
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486318540
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 352

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Book Description
Excellent basic text covers set theory, probability theory for finite sample spaces, binomial theorem, probability distributions, means, standard deviations, probability function of binomial distribution, more. Includes 360 problems with answers for half.

Probability and Statistics with R

Probability and Statistics with R PDF Author: Maria Dolores Ugarte
Publisher: Chapman and Hall/CRC
ISBN:
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 700

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Book Description
This book presents treatments of data analysis using parametric and nonparametyric techniques. It links statistical concepts with R procedures, anabling the application of the language to the vast world of statistics.

Foundations of Quantization for Probability Distributions

Foundations of Quantization for Probability Distributions PDF Author: Siegfried Graf
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540455779
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 230

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Book Description
Due to the rapidly increasing need for methods of data compression, quantization has become a flourishing field in signal and image processing and information theory. The same techniques are also used in statistics (cluster analysis), pattern recognition, and operations research (optimal location of service centers). The book gives the first mathematically rigorous account of the fundamental theory underlying these applications. The emphasis is on the asymptotics of quantization errors for absolutely continuous and special classes of singular probabilities (surface measures, self-similar measures) presenting some new results for the first time. Written for researchers and graduate students in probability theory the monograph is of potential interest to all people working in the disciplines mentioned above.

Some Generalized Probability Distributions with Special Reference to the Mineral Industries

Some Generalized Probability Distributions with Special Reference to the Mineral Industries PDF Author: Robert M. Becker
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Distribution (Probability theory)
Languages : en
Pages : 108

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Book Description


Introduction to Probability

Introduction to Probability PDF Author: Charles Miller Grinstead
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821807491
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 536

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Book Description
This text is designed for an introductory probability course at the university level for undergraduates in mathematics, the physical and social sciences, engineering, and computer science. It presents a thorough treatment of probability ideas and techniques necessary for a firm understanding of the subject.

Basic Probability: What Every Math Student Should Know (Second Edition)

Basic Probability: What Every Math Student Should Know (Second Edition) PDF Author: Henk Tijms
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9811237514
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 184

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Book Description
The second edition represents an ongoing effort to make probability accessible to students in a wide range of fields such as mathematics, statistics and data science, engineering, computer science, and business analytics. The book is written for those learning about probability for the first time. Revised and updated, the book is aimed specifically at statistics and data science students who need a solid introduction to the basics of probability.While retaining its focus on basic probability, including Bayesian probability and the interface between probability and computer simulation, this edition's significant revisions are as follows:The approach followed in the book is to develop probabilistic intuition before diving into details. The best way to learn probability is by practising on a lot of problems. Many instructive problems together with problem-solving strategies are given. Answers to all problems and worked-out solutions to selected problems are also provided.Henk Tijms is the author of several textbooks in the area of applied probability. In 2008, he had received the prestigious INFORMS Expository Writing Award for his work. He is active in popularizing probability at Dutch high schools.