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Racial Cleansing in Arkansas, 1883–1924

Racial Cleansing in Arkansas, 1883–1924 PDF Author: Guy Lancaster
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739195484
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 186

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Book Description
Racial Cleansing in Arkansas, 1883–1924: Politics, Land, Labor, and Criminality constitutes the first examination of racial cleansing within a particular state, placing Arkansas’s record of exclusionary racial violence within the context of the state’s political developments, as well as the context of the broader body of ethnic conflict studies.

Racial Cleansing in Arkansas, 1883–1924

Racial Cleansing in Arkansas, 1883–1924 PDF Author: Guy Lancaster
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739195484
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 186

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Book Description
Racial Cleansing in Arkansas, 1883–1924: Politics, Land, Labor, and Criminality constitutes the first examination of racial cleansing within a particular state, placing Arkansas’s record of exclusionary racial violence within the context of the state’s political developments, as well as the context of the broader body of ethnic conflict studies.

Racial Cleansing in Arkansas, 1883-1924

Racial Cleansing in Arkansas, 1883-1924 PDF Author: Guy Lancaster
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780739195475
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 159

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Book Description
Racial Cleansing in Arkansas, 1883–1924: Politics, Land, Labor, and Criminality constitutes the first examination of racial cleansing within a particular state, placing Arkansas's record of exclusionary racial violence within the context of the state's political developments, as well as the context of the broader body of ethnic conflict studies.

Black Boys Burning

Black Boys Burning PDF Author: Grif Stockley
Publisher: Univ. Press of Mississippi
ISBN: 1496812700
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 210

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Book Description
On the morning of March 5, 1959, Luvenia Long was listening to gospel music when a news bulletin interrupted her radio program. Fire had engulfed the Arkansas Negro Boys Industrial School in Wrightsville, thirteen miles outside of Little Rock. Her son Lindsey had been confined there since January 14, after a judge for juveniles found him guilty of stealing from a neighborhood store owner. To her horror, Lindsey was not among the forty-eight boys who had clawed their way through the windows of the dormitory to safety. Instead, he was among the twenty-one boys between the ages of thirteen and seventeen who burned to death. Black Boys Burning presents a focused explanation of how systemic poverty perpetuated by white supremacy sealed the fate of those students. A careful telling of the history of the school and fire, the book provides readers a fresh understanding of the broad implications of white supremacy. Grif Stockley's research adds to an evolving understanding of the Jim Crow South, Arkansas's history, the lawyers who capitalized on this tragedy, and the African American victims. In hindsight, the disaster at Wrightsville could have been predicted. Immediately after the fire, an unsigned editorial in the Arkansas Democrat noted long-term deterioration, including the wiring, of the buildings. After the Central High School desegregation crisis in 1957, the boys" deaths eighteen months later were once again an embarrassment to Arkansas. The fire and its circumstances should have provoked southerners to investigate the realities of their "separate but equal institutions." However, white supremacy ruled the investigations, and the grand jury declared the event to be an anomaly.

Dardanelle and the Bottoms

Dardanelle and the Bottoms PDF Author: Mildred D. Gleason
Publisher: University of Arkansas Press
ISBN: 1610756142
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 443

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Book Description
Between 1819 and 1970, the town of Dardanelle, Arkansas, located on the south side of the Arkansas River in Yell County, Arkansas, experienced sustained prosperity and growth made possible by the nearby farming community known as the Dardanelle Bottoms. A reciprocal relationship between the town and the Bottoms formed the economic backbone on which the area’s well-being was balanced. The country people came to town on Saturdays to buy their groceries and supplies, to shop and take in a movie or visit the pool halls or barbershops. Merchants relied heavily on this country trade and had a long history of extending credit, keeping prices reasonable, and offering respect and appreciation to their customers. This interdependence, stable for decades, began to unravel in the late 1940s with changes in farming, particularly the cotton industry. In Dardanelle and the Bottoms, Mildred Diane Gleason explores this complex rural/town dichotomy, revealing and analyzing key components of each area, including aspects of race, education, the cotton economy and its demise, the devastation of floods and droughts, leisure, crime, and the impact of the Great Depression.

A State-by-State History of Race and Racism in the United States [2 volumes]

A State-by-State History of Race and Racism in the United States [2 volumes] PDF Author: Patricia Reid-Merritt
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 144085601X
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 921

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Book Description
Providing chronologies of important events, historical narratives from the first settlement to the present, and biographies of major figures, this work offers readers an unseen look at the history of racism from the perspective of individual states. • Comprises detailed narratives encompassing the first European contact to the present day of the unique racial history of all 50 states and the District of Columbia • Provides a chronology of important racial events, achievements, and milestones for the states, plus the District of Columbia • Offers biographies of individuals who successfully confronted racism in America and removed obstacles to social achievement • Includes sidebars highlighting interesting events, individuals, and accomplishments relevant to the racial history of particular states

Race, Labor, and Violence in the Delta

Race, Labor, and Violence in the Delta PDF Author: Michael Pierce
Publisher: University of Arkansas Press
ISBN: 1610757750
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 178

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Book Description
Race, Labor, and Violence in the Delta examines the history of labor relations and racial conflict in the Mississippi Valley from the Civil War into the late twentieth century. This essay collection grew out of a conference marking the hundredth anniversary of one of the nation’s deadliest labor conflicts—the 1919 Elaine Massacre, during which white mobs ruthlessly slaughtered over two hundred African Americans across Phillips County, Arkansas, in response to a meeting of unionized Black sharecroppers. The essays here demonstrate that the brutality that unfolded in Phillips County was characteristic of the culture of race- and labor-based violence that prevailed in the century after the Civil War. They detail how Delta landowners began seeking cheap labor as soon as the slave system ended—securing a workforce by inflicting racial terror, eroding the Reconstruction Amendments in the courts, and obstructing federal financial-relief efforts. The result was a system of peonage that continued to exploit Blacks and poor whites for their labor, sometimes fatally. In response, laborers devised their own methods for sustaining themselves and their communities: forming unions, calling strikes, relocating, and occasionally operating outside the law. By shedding light on the broader context of the Elaine Massacre, Race, Labor, and Violence in the Delta reveals that the fight against white supremacy in the Delta was necessarily a fight for better working conditions, fair labor practices, and economic justice.

Bullets and Fire

Bullets and Fire PDF Author: Guy Lancaster
Publisher: University of Arkansas Press
ISBN: 1682260445
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 353

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Book Description
Bullets and Fire is the first collection on lynching in Arkansas, exploring all corners of the state from the time of slavery up to the mid-twentieth century and covering stories of the perpetrators, victims, and those who fought against vigilante violence. Among the topics discussed are the lynching of slaves, the Arkansas Council of the Association of Southern Women for the Prevention of Lynching, the 1927 lynching of John Carter in Little Rock, and the state’s long opposition to a federal anti-lynching law. Throughout, the work reveals how the phenomenon of lynching—as the means by which a system of white supremacy reified itself, with its perpetrators rarely punished and its defenders never condemned—served to construct authority in Arkansas. Bullets and Fire will add depth to the growing body of literature on American lynching and integrate a deeper understanding of this violence into Arkansas history.

Arkansas’s Gilded Age

Arkansas’s Gilded Age PDF Author: Matthew Hild
Publisher: University of Missouri Press
ISBN: 0826274188
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 212

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Book Description
This book is the first devoted entirely to an examination of working-class activism, broadly defined as that of farmers’ organizations, labor unions, and (often biracial) political movements, in Arkansas during the Gilded Age. On one level, Hild argues for the significance of this activism in its own time: had the Arkansas Democratic Party not resorted to undemocratic, unscrupulous, and violent means of repression, the Arkansas Union Labor Party would have taken control of the state government in the election of 1888. He also argues that the significance of these movements lasted beyond their own time, their influence extending into the biracial Southern Tenant Farmers’ Union of the 1930s, the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s, and even today’s Farmers’ Union and the United Mine Workers of America. The story of farmer and labor protest in Arkansas during the late nineteenth century offers lessons relevant to contemporary working-class Americans in what some observers have called the “new Gilded Age.”

Blood in Their Eyes

Blood in Their Eyes PDF Author: Grif Stockley
Publisher: University of Arkansas Press
ISBN: 1682261360
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 370

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Book Description
On September 30, 1919, local law enforcement in rural Phillips County, Arkansas, attacked black sharecroppers at a meeting of the Progressive Farmers and Household Union of America. The next day, hundreds of white men from the Delta, along with US Army troops, converged on the area “with blood in their eyes.” What happened next was one of the deadliest incidents of racial violence in the history of the United States, leaving a legacy of trauma and silence that has persisted for more than a century. In the wake of the massacre, the NAACP and Little Rock lawyer Scipio Jones spearheaded legal action that revolutionized due process in America. The first edition of Grif Stockley’s Blood in Their Eyes, published in 2001, brought renewed attention to the Elaine Massacre and sparked valuable new studies on racial violence and exploitation in Arkansas and beyond. With contributions from fellow historians Brian K. Mitchell and Guy Lancaster, this revised edition draws from recently uncovered source material and explores in greater detail the actions of the mob, the lives of those who survived the massacre, and the regime of fear and terror that prevailed under Jim Crow.

Nuevo South

Nuevo South PDF Author: Perla M. Guerrero
Publisher: University of Texas Press
ISBN: 1477313664
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 238

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Book Description
Latinas/os and Asians are rewriting the meaning and history of race in the American South by complicating the black/white binary that has frequently defined the region since before the Civil War. Arriving in southern communities as migrants or refugees, Latinas/os and Asians have experienced both begrudging acceptance and prejudice as their presence confronts and troubles local understandings of race and difference—understandings that have deep roots in each community's particular racial history, as well as in national fears and anxieties about race. Nuevo South offers the first comparative study showing how Latinas/os and Asians are transforming race and place in the contemporary South. Integrating political, economic, and social analysis, Perla M. Guerrero examines the reception of Vietnamese, Cubans, and Mexicans in northwestern Arkansas communities that were almost completely white until the mid-1970s. She shows how reactions to these refugees and immigrants ranged from reluctant acceptance of Vietnamese as former US allies to rejection of Cubans as communists, criminals, and homosexuals and Mexicans as "illegal aliens" who were perceived as invaders when they began to establish roots and became more visible in public spaces. Guerrero's research clarifies how social relations are constituted in the labor sphere, particularly the poultry industry, and reveals the legacies of regional history, especially anti-Black violence and racial cleansing. Nuevo South thus helps us to better understand what constitutes the so-called Nuevo South and how historical legacies shape the reception of new people in the region.