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The Expert versus the Object

The Expert versus the Object PDF Author: Ronald D. Spencer
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195349030
Category : Art
Languages : en
Pages : 268

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Book Description
The authenticity of visual art has always commanded the attention of experts, dealers, collectors, and the art-minded public. Is it "real" or "original" is a way of asking what am I buying? What do I own? What am I looking at? And today more sophisticated questions are being asked: How is authenticity determined and what weight does this determination have in court? This book of essays proposes to answer those questions. Three lines of inquiry are basic to determining authenticity: a connoisseur's evaluation, historical documentation or provenance, and scientific testing. A connoisseur is an expert who evaluates the "rightness" of a work based on much careful scrutiny of many works by an artist and familiarity with that artist's usual manner of working with materials. In determining provenance, a researcher traces the physical object from the artist through a chain of ownership to the present owner--simple enough in concept, though it assumes that the documentation is not faked or inaccurate. The goal is to ensure that the object is the same one that left the artist's hand. Scientific testing, although sometimes useful, is often longer on promise than result. Dating paint or wood samples, for instance, can show that a painting was made in Rembrandt's lifetime, but it cannot prove that it is by Rembrandt's hand. If expert opinion is divided, and large sums of money are involved, a dispute over authenticity may end up in a court of law, where evaluation of expert opinion evidence can be problematic. The essays in this book clarify the nature of the methods outlined above and explain, based on case law, the present status of authentication issues in court. Contributors include experts from Christie's, London; Sotheby's, New York; and the former director of the Frick Collection; as well as leading art historians and art dealers; an art conservator; a forensic graphologist; a philanthropist and collector; and a specialist in French art law. Their collective knowledge on issues of authenticity will be invaluable for anyone interested in the world of visual art.

The Expert versus the Object

The Expert versus the Object PDF Author: Ronald D. Spencer
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195349030
Category : Art
Languages : en
Pages : 268

View

Book Description
The authenticity of visual art has always commanded the attention of experts, dealers, collectors, and the art-minded public. Is it "real" or "original" is a way of asking what am I buying? What do I own? What am I looking at? And today more sophisticated questions are being asked: How is authenticity determined and what weight does this determination have in court? This book of essays proposes to answer those questions. Three lines of inquiry are basic to determining authenticity: a connoisseur's evaluation, historical documentation or provenance, and scientific testing. A connoisseur is an expert who evaluates the "rightness" of a work based on much careful scrutiny of many works by an artist and familiarity with that artist's usual manner of working with materials. In determining provenance, a researcher traces the physical object from the artist through a chain of ownership to the present owner--simple enough in concept, though it assumes that the documentation is not faked or inaccurate. The goal is to ensure that the object is the same one that left the artist's hand. Scientific testing, although sometimes useful, is often longer on promise than result. Dating paint or wood samples, for instance, can show that a painting was made in Rembrandt's lifetime, but it cannot prove that it is by Rembrandt's hand. If expert opinion is divided, and large sums of money are involved, a dispute over authenticity may end up in a court of law, where evaluation of expert opinion evidence can be problematic. The essays in this book clarify the nature of the methods outlined above and explain, based on case law, the present status of authentication issues in court. Contributors include experts from Christie's, London; Sotheby's, New York; and the former director of the Frick Collection; as well as leading art historians and art dealers; an art conservator; a forensic graphologist; a philanthropist and collector; and a specialist in French art law. Their collective knowledge on issues of authenticity will be invaluable for anyone interested in the world of visual art.

The Expert Versus the Object

The Expert Versus the Object PDF Author: Ronald D. Spencer
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195147353
Category : Art
Languages : en
Pages : 241

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Book Description
The authenticity of art has always commanded the attention of experts, dealers, collectors, and the art-minded public-especially those who relish the Robin Hoods of art forgery who deceive rich collectors and pompous experts. This book of essays, edited by a lawyer specializing in art law and authenticity, proposes to make the question of authenticity more easily understood. The main points to be argued are (1) that the perception of form in a work of art is not unlike other types of evidence accepted in courts of law; (2) that in determining authenticity, experts must adopt a careful, organized approach; and (3) that all authentication should be based on the consensus of experts at arm's length from an object.

Crimes of the Art World

Crimes of the Art World PDF Author: Tom Bazley
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 0313360472
Category : Art
Languages : en
Pages : 230

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Book Description
This book offers a revealing look at the full scope of criminal activity in the art world-a category of crime that is far more pervasive than is generally realized. * Comprises 10 chapters covering the various types of crimes common in the art world, from forgeries to theft to vandalism * Includes case studies throughout to explore the characteristics of art crime * Provides a bibliography of important books on the subject of art crime * An index of important words and terms emphasizes works of art and artists covered in the book, along with terms unique to art and art crime

The Expert in Litigation and Arbitration

The Expert in Litigation and Arbitration PDF Author: Mark Cato
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1000288005
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 1040

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Book Description
The Expert in Litigation and Arbitration provides the complete picture of the role and duties of the expert witness in the UK, Germany, France, Italy, USA, Australia, Hong Kong and China. With articles and chapters from leading practitioners around the world, the book looks at the role of the expert in many different disciplines and jurisdictions, examining topical issues such as the independent status of the expert and professional liability. This book looks at the role of experts in both arbitration and litigation, considering how experts are currently used in civil actions and what lessons can be learnt from this. With much practical advice for the inexperienced expert witness, it covers many of the pitfalls faced by experts, looking at the various situations that can arise either in court or before an arbitrator.

The Sale of Misattributed Artworks and Antiques at Auction

The Sale of Misattributed Artworks and Antiques at Auction PDF Author: Anne Laure Bandle
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1786431017
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 416

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Book Description
The glamour and mystery of the art auction, gathering interested buyers from across the globe, makes it one of the most fascinating marketplaces in existence. ‘Sleepers’, artworks or antiques that have been undervalued and mislabelled due to an expert’s oversight and consequently undersold, appear regularly. This fascinating new book provides the first extensive study of the phenomenon of sleepers through an in-depth analysis of the contractual relationships, liability and remedies that arise in the context of auction sales.

Intelligent Mathematical Software Systems

Intelligent Mathematical Software Systems PDF Author: E.N. Houstis
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444599231
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 378

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Book Description
Most of the well-known mathematical software systems are batch oriented, though in the past few years there have been attempts to incorporate ``knowledge'' or ``expertise'' into these systems. A number of developments have helped in making the systems more powerful and user-friendly: algorithm/parameter selection for the solution of well-defined mathematical engineering problems; parallel computing; computer graphics technology; interface development tools; and of course the years of experience with these systems and the increase in available computing power have made it practical to fulfill the potential seen in the early years of their development. This book covers four main areas of the subject: Application Oriented Expert Systems, Advisory Systems, Knowledge Manipulation Issues, and User Interfaces.

Fuzziness and Medicine: Philosophical Reflections and Application Systems in Health Care

Fuzziness and Medicine: Philosophical Reflections and Application Systems in Health Care PDF Author: Rudolf Seising
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642365272
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 447

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Book Description
This book is a collection of contributions written by philosophers and scientists active in different fields, such as mathematics, logics, social sciences, computer sciences and linguistics. They comment on and discuss various parts of and subjects and propositions introduced in the Handbook of Analytical Philosophy of Medicine from Kadem Sadegh-Zadeh, published by Springer in 2012. This volume reports on the fruitful exchange and debate that arose in the fuzzy community upon the publication of the Handbook. This was not only very much appreciated by the community but also seen as a critical starting point for beginning a new discussion. The results of this discussion, which involved many different perspectives from science and the humanities and was warmly encouraged by Kadem Sadegh-Zadeh himself, are accurately reported in this volume, which is intended to be a critical companion to Kadem Sadegh-Zadeh ́s handbook. Rudolf Seising is currently an adjunct researcher at the European Centre for Soft Computing in Mieres, Asturias (Spain) and a college lecturer at the Faculty of History and Arts, at the Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (Germany). Marco Elio Tabacchi is currently the Scientific Director of the Italian National Research & Survey Organization Demopolis, and a research assistant in the Soft Computing Group at University of Palermo (Italy).

13th International Conference on Theory and Application of Fuzzy Systems and Soft Computing — ICAFS-2018

13th International Conference on Theory and Application of Fuzzy Systems and Soft Computing — ICAFS-2018 PDF Author: Rafik A. Aliev
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3030041646
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 970

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Book Description
This book presents the proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Application of Fuzzy Systems and Soft Computing (ICAFS 2018), held in Warsaw, Poland on August 27–28, 2018. It includes contributions from diverse areas of soft computing such as uncertain computation, Z-information processing, neuro-fuzzy approaches, evolutionary computing and others. The topics of the papers include theory of uncertainty computation; theory and application of soft computing; decision theory with imperfect information; neuro-fuzzy technology; image processing with soft computing; intelligent control; machine learning; fuzzy logic in data analytics and data mining; evolutionary computing; chaotic systems; soft computing in business, economics and finance; fuzzy logic and soft computing in the earth sciences; fuzzy logic and soft computing in engineering; soft computing in medicine, biomedical engineering and the pharmaceutical sciences; and probabilistic and statistical reasoning in the social and educational sciences. The book covers new ideas from theoretical and practical perspectives in economics, business, industry, education, medicine, the earth sciences and other fields. In addition to promoting the development and application of soft computing methods in various real-life fields, it offers a useful guide for academics, practitioners, and graduates in fuzzy logic and soft computing fields.

Experts in Uncertainty

Experts in Uncertainty PDF Author: Roger M. Cooke
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195362374
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 336

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Book Description
This book is an extensive survey and critical examination of the literature on the use of expert opinion in scientific inquiry and policy making. The elicitation, representation, and use of expert opinion is increasingly important for two reasons: advancing technology leads to more and more complex decision problems, and technologists are turning in greater numbers to "expert systems" and other similar artifacts of artificial intelligence. Cooke here considers how expert opinion is being used today, how an expert's uncertainty is or should be represented, how people do or should reason with uncertainty, how the quality and usefulness of expert opinion can be assessed, and how the views of several experts might be combined. He argues for the importance of developing practical models with a transparent mathematic foundation for the use of expert opinion in science, and presents three tested models, termed "classical," "Bayesian," and "psychological scaling." Detailed case studies illustrate how they can be applied to a diversity of real problems in engineering and planning.

Medical Informatics: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Medical Informatics: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications PDF Author: Tan, Joseph
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1605660515
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 2772

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Book Description
Provides a collection of medical IT research in topics such as clinical knowledge management, medical informatics, mobile health and service delivery, and gene expression.