The Genetics of Neurodevelopmental Disorders PDF Download

Are you looking for read ebook online? Search for your book and save it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Download The Genetics of Neurodevelopmental Disorders PDF full book. Access full book title The Genetics of Neurodevelopmental Disorders by Kevin J. Mitchell. Download full books in PDF and EPUB format.

The Genetics of Neurodevelopmental Disorders

The Genetics of Neurodevelopmental Disorders PDF Author: Kevin J. Mitchell
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118524977
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 368

Get Book

Book Description
Neurodevelopmental disorders arise from disturbances to various processes of brain development, which can manifest in diverse ways. They encompass many rare genetic syndromes as well as common, heritable conditions such as intellectual disability, autism, ADHD, schizophrenia and many types of epilepsy. The Genetics of Neurodevelopmental Disorders examines recent revolutionary advances in our understanding of the genetics of these disorders, exploring both basic discoveries and the translation of new findings into the clinical setting. The book begins by examining the genetic architecture and etiology of neurodevelopmental disorders. It describes the striking recent progress in identifying pathogenic mutations, which are grouped here based on the neurodevelopmental processes impacted. Subsequent chapters consider the use of cellular and animal models to elucidate the cascading consequences of such mutations, from molecular and cellular levels to emergent effects on neural circuits, brain systems and subsequent psychological development. The text concludes by examining the important clinical implications of the recent advances in the field, from recognition of the genetic causes in individual patients to development of new treatments and interventions. A timely synthesis, The Genetics of Neurodevelopmental Disorders is a unique and essential resource for neuroscientists, geneticists, neurologists and psychiatrists and an accessible and up-to-date overview for medical and science students.

The Genetics of Neurodevelopmental Disorders

The Genetics of Neurodevelopmental Disorders PDF Author: Kevin J. Mitchell
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118524977
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 368

View

Book Description
Neurodevelopmental disorders arise from disturbances to various processes of brain development, which can manifest in diverse ways. They encompass many rare genetic syndromes as well as common, heritable conditions such as intellectual disability, autism, ADHD, schizophrenia and many types of epilepsy. The Genetics of Neurodevelopmental Disorders examines recent revolutionary advances in our understanding of the genetics of these disorders, exploring both basic discoveries and the translation of new findings into the clinical setting. The book begins by examining the genetic architecture and etiology of neurodevelopmental disorders. It describes the striking recent progress in identifying pathogenic mutations, which are grouped here based on the neurodevelopmental processes impacted. Subsequent chapters consider the use of cellular and animal models to elucidate the cascading consequences of such mutations, from molecular and cellular levels to emergent effects on neural circuits, brain systems and subsequent psychological development. The text concludes by examining the important clinical implications of the recent advances in the field, from recognition of the genetic causes in individual patients to development of new treatments and interventions. A timely synthesis, The Genetics of Neurodevelopmental Disorders is a unique and essential resource for neuroscientists, geneticists, neurologists and psychiatrists and an accessible and up-to-date overview for medical and science students.

The Genetics of Neurodevelopmental Disorders

The Genetics of Neurodevelopmental Disorders PDF Author: Kevin J. Mitchell
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118524888
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 368

View

Book Description
Neurodevelopmental disorders arise from disturbances to various processes of brain development, which can manifest in diverse ways. They encompass many rare genetic syndromes as well as common, heritable conditions such as intellectual disability, autism, ADHD, schizophrenia and many types of epilepsy. The Genetics of Neurodevelopmental Disorders examines recent revolutionary advances in our understanding of the genetics of these disorders, exploring both basic discoveries and the translation of new findings into the clinical setting. The book begins by examining the genetic architecture and etiology of neurodevelopmental disorders. It describes the striking recent progress in identifying pathogenic mutations, which are grouped here based on the neurodevelopmental processes impacted. Subsequent chapters consider the use of cellular and animal models to elucidate the cascading consequences of such mutations, from molecular and cellular levels to emergent effects on neural circuits, brain systems and subsequent psychological development. The text concludes by examining the important clinical implications of the recent advances in the field, from recognition of the genetic causes in individual patients to development of new treatments and interventions. A timely synthesis, The Genetics of Neurodevelopmental Disorders is a unique and essential resource for neuroscientists, geneticists, neurologists and psychiatrists and an accessible and up-to-date overview for medical and science students.

New mechanisms and therapeutics in neurodevelopmental disorders

New mechanisms and therapeutics in neurodevelopmental disorders PDF Author: Daniela Tropea
Publisher: Frontiers E-books
ISBN: 2889190676
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :

View

Book Description
Neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) are severe, heritable conditions characterized by impaired brain development and disability in cognition, social interaction and behavior. Genetic predisposition appears to interact with environmental factors to produce the onset of the disease. In the last decade genomic analysis on NDDs advanced the knowledge of the genetic causes of these disorders: most of the genes identified were not predicted from known biology, and almost all of them engage in neurodevelopmental processes. However, the same studies revealed an unexpected outcome regarding the molecular etiology: many of the same susceptibility genes as well as molecular pathways are emerging across hitherto unrelated disorders- such as autism and schizophrenia- challenging how we conceptualize these conditions. These new discoveries call for the establishment of additional criteria for the classification of the genes and related phenotypes. Beyond the classical distinction according to diagnostic criteria, new parameters should be taken into account: the genetics, the neurobiology of the gene products and the molecular mechanisms that they control. Our broad understanding of NDDs, requires a combination of approaches, including human studies, animal models and theoretical computation. Indeed, progress in technology and the generation of accurate models are advancing the field, and the research is rapidly growing. This Research Topic presents recent advances in neurodevelopmental disorders from genes to systems, in single conditions and across different phenotypes, and report the newest treatments in use. Recognized experts in the field discuss recent findings in molecular studies, in vivo imaging, neuropsychology, neuropharmacology and computational neuroscience. This multidisciplinary approach enriches our understanding of the mechanisms involved in the onset and progression of NDDs with the perspective of revealing the biological signs of the disorders and identifying new therapeutics.

Genetic Analysis of Complex Neurodevelopmental Disorders, a Model for the Genetic Etiology of Autism and the Related Pervasive Developmental Disorders and Mapping of a Gene Responsible for X-linked Mental Retardation

Genetic Analysis of Complex Neurodevelopmental Disorders, a Model for the Genetic Etiology of Autism and the Related Pervasive Developmental Disorders and Mapping of a Gene Responsible for X-linked Mental Retardation PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :

View

Book Description


Handbook of Neurodevelopmental and Genetic Disorders in Children, 2/e

Handbook of Neurodevelopmental and Genetic Disorders in Children, 2/e PDF Author: Sam Goldstein
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 1609180003
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 588

View

Book Description
Recognized as the definitive reference in the field, this book addresses a broad range of biologically based disorders that affect children's learning and development. Leading authorities review the genetics of each disorder; its course and outcome; associated developmental, cognitive, and psychosocial challenges; and what clinicians and educators need to know about effective approaches to assessment and intervention. Coverage encompasses more frequently diagnosed learning and behavior problems with a genetic component as well as numerous lower-incidence neurodevelopmental disabilities. Illustrations include 12 color plates.

Neurodevelopmental Disorders Across the Lifespan

Neurodevelopmental Disorders Across the Lifespan PDF Author: Emily K. Farran
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199594813
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 394

View

Book Description
This book is unique in presenting evidence on development across the lifespan across multiple levels of description (genetic, brain, cognitive, environmental). The authors use a well-defined disorder - Williams syndrome, to explore the impact of genes, brain development, behaviour, as well as the individual's environment on development.

Proteins Associated with Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Proteins Associated with Neurodevelopmental Disorders PDF Author: M. Walid Qoronfleh
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 9811597812
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :

View

Book Description


Neurodevelopment and Neurodevelopmental Disorder

Neurodevelopment and Neurodevelopmental Disorder PDF Author:
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 1789238250
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 166

View

Book Description
Nowadays, neurodevelopmental disorders comprise a large proportion of mental health diagnoses. These disorders, according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, include intellectual disabilities, communication disorders, autism spectrum disorders, attention deficit hyperactivity disorders, specific learning disorders, and motor disorders. Current research is pointing in the direction of schizophrenia, bipolar disorders, and other disorders being included in the category of neurodevelopmental disorders as well. There is a great deal of overlap among these disorders and they are best understood in a dimensional fashion. This book sets out the future of psychiatry in relation to these disorders and what is basically a new understanding of psychiatry in recent decades. Chapters cover topics such as early recognition of schizophrenia, epilepsy, and the genetics of ataxia telangiectasia. Also included is an examination of the complex issue of systems biology and neurodevelopment.

Genetic Risk Factors in Schizophrenia and Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Genetic Risk Factors in Schizophrenia and Neurodevelopmental Disorders PDF Author: Claudia Prats Balado
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 167

View

Book Description
"Nowadays, it is estimated that about 450 million people suffer from a mental or behavioural disorder in the world. According to World health organization (WHO), 33% of the years lived with disability (YLD) are due to psychiatric disorders. In this regard, psychotic disorders including schizophrenia (SZ), remain one of the most mysterious and costliest mental disorders in terms of human suffering and social expenditure. In recent years, the field of molecular genetics has been uncovering evidence of the complex polygenetic architecture of SZ and related disorders. In addition, GWAS studies have identified several genes associated with SZ, which have been shown to converge in complex and identifiable molecular pathways related to synaptic plasticity, neurotransmission and connectivity processes. Also, these studies have reported an important genetic overlap across several psychiatric disorders such as Schizophrenia (SZ), Bipolar disorder (BPD), Major Depressive Disorder (M01) or Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), which adds to the consideration of common pathophysiological mechanisms among these disorders. In this sense, a growing body of evidence has established that connectivity and synaptic plasticity, modulated by neuronal activity, is an inherent feature of brain function during both development and adulthood. The present dissertation hypothesizes that genetic variability of genes involved in either synaptic plasticity (NRN1, BDNF and DTNBP1) and/or white matter related pathways (and their interactions) will be associated with SSD. In addition, due to the clinical, cognitive, neuroimaging and genetic overlap observed across different psychiatric disorders, we also hypothesize that the studied genetic variability will be also associated with other neurodevelopmental psychiatric disorders, such as ASD and BPD. In this sense, four studies have been carried out. The first three studies, analyse genetic variability at Neuritin-1 gene (NRN1) and its relationship with the risk for developing SSD and BPD, and also with some clinical and cognitive phenotypes both in patients and in healthy subjects from the general population. Moreover, in these studies we also analyzed whether NRN1 action is modulated by other genes such as BDNF and DTNBP1. The fourth study analyses the integrative effects of a set of white matter related genes (Oligodendrocyte/myelination related genes - OMR) and its contribution to both SSD and ASD. Our results focused on the genetic variability at NRN1 gene, suggest that genetic variability of NRN1 gene has an impact on the risk for developing SSD/BPD and also on the presence of depressive symptoms in the general population. Its pleiotropic effect is also evidenced by its effect on different phenotypes: such as cognitive performance and age at onset. Moreover, our genexgene interaction results suggest that NRN1 action is modulated by the BDNF and DTNBP1 genes. On the other hand, the results of the fourth study suggest that some of the OMR genetic risk variants seem to be shared across SZ-ASD continuum. The fact that some OMR genes are marginally associated with both disorders and also, due to their involvement in the detected epistatic effects, seem to support the notion that dysregulation in myelination processes may underlie susceptibility to develop ASD or SSD. To conclude, further genetic studies are needed to elucidate the biological background underlying mental disorders, which can ultimately lead to better treatment in order to improve the quality life of the patients." -- TDX.

Mechanisms and Genetics of Neurodevelopmental Cognitive Disorders

Mechanisms and Genetics of Neurodevelopmental Cognitive Disorders PDF Author: Moyra Smith
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128232528
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 306

View

Book Description
Mechanisms and Genetics of Neurodevelopmental Cognitive Disorders connects neurodevelopment with genetics and behavior to better understand the underlying factors leading to cognitive neurodevelopmental disorders. This book focuses on mechanisms of disease and follows the development of specific brain regions, functions, and gene expression to causes and processes in autism, attention deficit disorder, and learning disabilities. Topics include brain mapping, brain plasticity, epigenetics, neuroimmunology, and many other factors that influence the development of these diseases. This book will promote understanding of recent investigations and developments related to brain development from fetal life onward with specific relevance to neurodevelopmental cognitive disorders and conditions. This is an essential reference for anyone who is looking to learn more about different aspects of neurodevelopment and emerging concepts in psychiatric disorders. Discusses links between brain development, gene expression, and brain function Covers neural stem cells, proliferation, migration, differentiation, and neurogenesis Includes brain mapping, brain plasticity, epigenetics, neuroimmunology, and more Provides insight into causation and brain function in autism, attention deficit disorder, and learning disabilities Examines impact of society and environmental factors on mental health