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The Montessori Movement in Interwar Europe

The Montessori Movement in Interwar Europe PDF Author: Christine Quarfood
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3031140729
Category : Electronic books
Languages : en
Pages : 313

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Book Description
"Of all the things I have read about Maria Montessori so far, this book is without doubt the best. Based on thorough research in archives, it examines the significance of Montessori and her movement, especially in her homeland of Italy, but not without including the international context of her career. For without the latter, the political relationship with fascism cannot be properly understood. From this perspective, the book offers many new insights and important nuances and justified corrections to all previous studies on the legacy of this leading lady in the history of education, whose name is inextricably linked to the "Casa dei Bambini". It is in these "houses for children" that she, as an Italian doctor, educator and innovator, sought to apply her educational method that built on the way children learn naturally - an adventure that set in motion a whole series of adepts, followers, imitators, defenders, etc., here superbly handled by Christine Quarfood." Marc Depaepe, Emeritus Professor in the History of Education at the University of Leuven, Belgium, and Leading Researcher at the University of Latvia. This book explores how the Montessori movement developed a cultural critique and gained momentum during the interwar years of political turbulence. Drawing on archival sources, press material and Montessori's literary output, the book provides a multifaceted analysis of this significant educational movement. The first two chapters presents the scientific background, how Montessori's innovative method offered new solutions to age-old problems of teacher-pupil interaction. The following chapters focus on the social and psycho-pedagogical aspects of Montessorism, and how the movement's culture-critical message about the child's liberation was received and reinterpreted in the wider European public debate. The last four chapters shed new light on the politicisation of Italian Montessorism during the problematic Montessori-Mussolini alliance, 1924-1934. Christine Quarfood is Professor of History of Ideas at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden. Her publications include Condillac la statue et lenfant: Philosophie et pedagogie au siecle des Lumieres (2002) and Positivism med manskligt ansikte: Montessoripedagogikens idehistoriska grunder (2005). Her research focuses on the intersection between science, politics and educational ideas.

The Montessori Movement in Interwar Europe

The Montessori Movement in Interwar Europe PDF Author: Christine Quarfood
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3031140729
Category : Electronic books
Languages : en
Pages : 313

View

Book Description
"Of all the things I have read about Maria Montessori so far, this book is without doubt the best. Based on thorough research in archives, it examines the significance of Montessori and her movement, especially in her homeland of Italy, but not without including the international context of her career. For without the latter, the political relationship with fascism cannot be properly understood. From this perspective, the book offers many new insights and important nuances and justified corrections to all previous studies on the legacy of this leading lady in the history of education, whose name is inextricably linked to the "Casa dei Bambini". It is in these "houses for children" that she, as an Italian doctor, educator and innovator, sought to apply her educational method that built on the way children learn naturally - an adventure that set in motion a whole series of adepts, followers, imitators, defenders, etc., here superbly handled by Christine Quarfood." Marc Depaepe, Emeritus Professor in the History of Education at the University of Leuven, Belgium, and Leading Researcher at the University of Latvia. This book explores how the Montessori movement developed a cultural critique and gained momentum during the interwar years of political turbulence. Drawing on archival sources, press material and Montessori's literary output, the book provides a multifaceted analysis of this significant educational movement. The first two chapters presents the scientific background, how Montessori's innovative method offered new solutions to age-old problems of teacher-pupil interaction. The following chapters focus on the social and psycho-pedagogical aspects of Montessorism, and how the movement's culture-critical message about the child's liberation was received and reinterpreted in the wider European public debate. The last four chapters shed new light on the politicisation of Italian Montessorism during the problematic Montessori-Mussolini alliance, 1924-1934. Christine Quarfood is Professor of History of Ideas at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden. Her publications include Condillac la statue et lenfant: Philosophie et pedagogie au siecle des Lumieres (2002) and Positivism med manskligt ansikte: Montessoripedagogikens idehistoriska grunder (2005). Her research focuses on the intersection between science, politics and educational ideas.

Exemplarische Forschungsfelder aus 25 Jahren Zeitgeschichte an der Universität Graz

Exemplarische Forschungsfelder aus 25 Jahren Zeitgeschichte an der Universität Graz PDF Author: Helmut Konrad
Publisher: Böhlau Verlag Wien
ISBN: 9783205785187
Category : Austria
Languages : en
Pages : 400

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Book Description
Continues Mapping contemporary history: Zeitgeschichte im Diskurs.

The Emotions of Internationalism

The Emotions of Internationalism PDF Author: Ilaria Scaglia
Publisher:
ISBN: 0198848323
Category : Emotions
Languages : en
Pages : 251

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Book Description
The Emotions of Internationalism follows a number of international people and institutions active in the Alps in the 1920s and 1930s, exploring how they understood emotions and how they tried to employ them to achieve their political and non-political goals. Through the analysis of a broadspectrum of unpublished archival materials in four languages (English, French, Italian, and German), this study takes readers on an evocative, historical journey through the Alps. A wide range of characters populate its pages, from Heidi and the protagonists of novels and films set on the mountains,to Woodrow Wilson and other high-level political figures active both inside and outside of the League of Nations, to the alpinists and climbers engaged in hikes and international congresses, to the many children involved in camping trips, to the countless patients of the sanatoria for the treatmentof tuberculosis which for decades used to dot alpine villages and to excite the popular imagination.At the centre of the volume are people's emotions - real and imagined - from the resentment left after the First World War to the "friendship" evoked in speeches and concretely implemented in a number of alpine settings for a variety of purposes, to the "joy" that contemporaries saw as the key tonavigating the complexities of "modernity" and to avoiding another war. The result is a compelling overview of the institutions and people involved in international cooperation in the 1920s and 1930s, understood through the lens of the history of emotions.

The Maternalists

The Maternalists PDF Author: Shaul Bar-Haim
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 0812253159
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 304

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Book Description
"This book discusses the role of motherhood in psychoanalysis, and how this contributed to the British welfare state in the first half of the twentieth century"--

The Palgrave Handbook of Global Approaches to Peace

The Palgrave Handbook of Global Approaches to Peace PDF Author: Aigul Kulnazarova
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319789058
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 765

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Book Description
With existing literature focusing largely on Western perspectives of peace and their applications, a global understanding of peace is much needed. Spurred by more recent debates and discourses that criticize the dominant realist and liberal approaches for crises in contemporary state- and peace-building, the contributors to this handbook emphasize not only the need to solve this eternal conundrum of humanity, but also demand—with the rise of increasingly more violent conflicts in international relations—the development of a global interpretive framework for peace and security. To this end, the present handbook examines conceptual, institutional and normative interpretive approaches for making, building and promoting peace in the context of roles played by state and non-state actors within local, national, regional, and global units of analysis.

The Jane Addams Papers

The Jane Addams Papers PDF Author: Mary Lynn McCree Bryan
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Biography & Autobiography
Languages : en
Pages : 696

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Book Description
Guide and indexes to the microfilm collection entitled: The Jane Addams papers, 1860-1960.

European Integration Through Education

European Integration Through Education PDF Author: Ryszard Kucha
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Education and state
Languages : en
Pages : 668

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Book Description


Designing Transformation

Designing Transformation PDF Author: Elana Shapira
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1350172294
Category : Art
Languages : en
Pages : 304

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Book Description
Jewish designers and architects played a key role in shaping the interwar architecture of Central Europe, and in the respective countries where they settled following the Nazi's rise to power. This book explores how Jewish architects and patrons influenced and reformed the design of towns and cities through commercial buildings, urban landscaping and other material culture. It also examines how modern identities evolved in the context of migration, commercial and professional networks, and in relation to the conflict between nationalist ideologies and international aspirations in Central Europe and beyond. Pointing to the production within cultural platforms shared by Jews and Christians, the book's research sheds new light on the importance of integrating Jews into Central European design and aesthetic history. Leading historians, curators, archivists and architects present their critical analyses further to 'design' the past and push forward a transformation in the historical consciousness of Central Europe. By reconsidering the seminal role of Central European émigré and exiled architects and designers in shaping today's global design cultures, this book further strengthens humanistic, progressive and pluralistic cultural trends in Europe today.

Century of the Child

Century of the Child PDF Author: Juliet Kinchin
Publisher: The Museum of Modern Art
ISBN: 0870708260
Category : Design
Languages : en
Pages : 263

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Book Description
Did the twentieth century live up to what Swedish design reformer and social theorist Ellen Key, writing in 1900, envisaged as "the century of the child" ? This book, produced in conjunction with a major exhibition at The Museum of Modern Art, takes both its title and its launching point from Key's landmark book, which presaged the coming century as a period of intensified focus on and progressive thinking about the rights, development, and well-being of children. It tracks the fascinating confluence between the cultures of modern design and childhood, through an introductory essay by Juliet Kinchin, sixty-five short essays, and more than four hundred illustrations. The resulting kaleidoscopic narrative of innovative ideas, practitioners, and artifacts examines individual and collective visions for the material world of children, from utopian dreams for the citizens of the future to the dark realities of political conflict and exploitation. Despite being the focus of intense concern and profound thought, children remain one of the most underrepresented subjects in the historical analysis of modern design. To address this lacuna, this book surveys more than one hundred years of school architecture, playgrounds, toys and games, educational materials, children's hospitals and safety equipment, nurseries, furniture, animation, propaganda, advertising, books, and clothing. The outstanding projects that emerge illuminate how progressive design has enhanced the physical, intellectual, and emotional development of children and, conversely, how models of children's play and pedagogy have informed experimental design thinking. As protean beings and elastic ideological symbols, children help us to mediate between the ideal and real: they propel our thoughts forward. But as we look back, they also reveal important new dimensions of modernism in the twentieth century.

Daily Life of Women: An Encyclopedia from Ancient Times to the Present [3 volumes]

Daily Life of Women: An Encyclopedia from Ancient Times to the Present [3 volumes] PDF Author: Colleen Boyett
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1440846936
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 1254

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Book Description
Indispensable for the student or researcher studying women's history, this book draws upon a wide array of cultural settings and time periods in which women displayed agency by carrying out their daily economic, familial, artistic, and religious obligations. Since record keeping began, history has been written by a relatively few elite men. Insights into women's history are left to be gleaned by scholars who undertake careful readings of ancient literature, examine archaeological artifacts, and study popular culture, such as folktales, musical traditions, and art. For some historical periods and geographic regions, this is the only way to develop some sense of what daily life might have been like for women in a particular time and place. This reference explores the daily life of women across civilizations. The work is organized in sections on different civilizations from around the world, arranged chronologically. Within each society, the encyclopedia highlights the roles of women within five broad thematic categories: the arts, economics and work, family and community life, recreation and social customs, and religious life. Included are numerous sidebars containing additional information, document excerpts, images, and suggestions for further reading. An introduction provides an overview the daily life of women through history, and a timeline highlights key events in women's history. Chronologically arranged sections on civilizations from across world history provide information on the daily life of women living in those societies. For each civilization, broad categories of daily life are broken into subsections, with each offering reference entries on specific topics. Photos help users visualize important topics, and sidebars provide interesting tangential information. Bibliographies direct readers to additional resources.