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Trauma, Autism, and Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Trauma, Autism, and Neurodevelopmental Disorders PDF Author: Jason M. Fogler
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3030005038
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 288

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Book Description
This book examines the diagnostic overlap and frequent confusion between the newly named DSM-5 diagnostic categories of neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs), which include autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and trauma and stressor related disorders (TSRDs). These conditions are similar in that a) children with developmental disorders are particularly vulnerable to traumatic events and b) all have pervasive effects on the brain and development. Chapters provide a wealth of effective clinical, family, and school-based interventions, developed from established studies and important new findings. In addition, chapters use illustrative case studies to survey assessment challenges in today’s healthcare climate and consider alternative routes for improving correct diagnoses, identifying appropriate interventions, and referring proper targeted, evidence-based treatment and services. The book concludes with the editors’ recommendations for needs-based service access, including a more widespread use and acceptance of the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) and the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) framework. Topics featured in this book include: The neurobiological contributors to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) and its diagnosis in children with a history of trauma. Interventions for trauma and stressor-related disorders in preschool-aged children. Reactive attachment disorder (RAD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnosis and care in a cultural context. Special population consideration in ASD identification and treatment. Challenges associated with the transition to adulthood. Trauma and neurodevelopmental disorders from a public health perspective. Trauma, Autism, and Neurodevelopmental Disorders is a must-have resource for researchers, clinicians and related professionals, and graduate students in developmental psychology, child and adolescent psychiatry, public health, social work, pediatrics, and special education.

Trauma, Autism, and Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Trauma, Autism, and Neurodevelopmental Disorders PDF Author: Jason M. Fogler
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3030005038
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 288

View

Book Description
This book examines the diagnostic overlap and frequent confusion between the newly named DSM-5 diagnostic categories of neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs), which include autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and trauma and stressor related disorders (TSRDs). These conditions are similar in that a) children with developmental disorders are particularly vulnerable to traumatic events and b) all have pervasive effects on the brain and development. Chapters provide a wealth of effective clinical, family, and school-based interventions, developed from established studies and important new findings. In addition, chapters use illustrative case studies to survey assessment challenges in today’s healthcare climate and consider alternative routes for improving correct diagnoses, identifying appropriate interventions, and referring proper targeted, evidence-based treatment and services. The book concludes with the editors’ recommendations for needs-based service access, including a more widespread use and acceptance of the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) and the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) framework. Topics featured in this book include: The neurobiological contributors to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) and its diagnosis in children with a history of trauma. Interventions for trauma and stressor-related disorders in preschool-aged children. Reactive attachment disorder (RAD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnosis and care in a cultural context. Special population consideration in ASD identification and treatment. Challenges associated with the transition to adulthood. Trauma and neurodevelopmental disorders from a public health perspective. Trauma, Autism, and Neurodevelopmental Disorders is a must-have resource for researchers, clinicians and related professionals, and graduate students in developmental psychology, child and adolescent psychiatry, public health, social work, pediatrics, and special education.

Posttraumamatic Stress Disorder and Autism Spectrum Disorder: a Clinical Guide for Co-morbidity and Diagnosis

Posttraumamatic Stress Disorder and Autism Spectrum Disorder: a Clinical Guide for Co-morbidity and Diagnosis PDF Author: Emily A. Frederick
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : ASD.
Languages : en
Pages : 73

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Book Description
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are common psychiatric disorders seen in adults and children. Both disorders can have a major impact on a child's life, as they can cause functional impairment. PTSD is a disorder that occurs after an individual experiences a traumatic event(s), whereas ASD is a neurodevelopmental disorder that develops in early childhood. Although these disorders are quite different, the symptomology can often look similar. The similarity of symptoms in ASD and PTSD contributes to the disorders often being misdiagnosed, especially for individuals who have a co-morbid diagnosis of ASD and PTSD. This study focuses on children since ASD is most commonly diagnosed in childhood and PTSD often occurs in childhood. An early diagnosis is important for early treatment. This review will discuss the complex diagnostic features of PTSD and ASD, the symptom similarity and comorbidity of these disorders, the barriers and importance of accurately diagnosing the disorders, and the need for clinical guidance when assessing for these disorders for children.

Differential Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder

Differential Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder PDF Author: Katherine K. M. Stavropoulos
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0197516882
Category : Autism spectrum disorders
Languages : en
Pages : 248

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Book Description
"Although cases of autism can, in retrospect, be identified before Kanner's 1943 classic report (also see Donvan and Zucker 2016), it was Kanner's genius to put together the core features that we continue to associate with autism; autistic aloneness and restricted interests/difficulties with change. This description was straightforward and atheoretical and has stood the test of time even as we debate the boundaries of autism today. The early years following Kanner's initial presentation were plagued by a lack of consistency in diagnosis and several mistaken beliefs about autism, e.g., associations with childhood schizophrenia and inappropriate parenting. This changed dramatically in the 1970s as three lines of evidence helped establish the validity of autism as a diagnostic concept: These included: 1) the awareness that autism was a brain-based disorder associated with high rates of epilepsy with peaks of onset in early childhood and adolescence, 2) the first twin studies of autism made it clear that there was a very strong genetic component of autism with high concordance in MZ twins, and 3) children with autism responded best to structured teaching rather than unstructured psychotherapy (see Jackson and Volkmar, 2019 for a discussion)"--

Childhood Trauma in Mental Disorders

Childhood Trauma in Mental Disorders PDF Author: Gianfranco Spalletta
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030494144
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 460

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Book Description
This volume presents a comprehensive overview of childhood trauma, considering the psychopathological definition and its neurobiological implications as well as its impact on different psychiatric disorders. The focus on childhood trauma rather than that occurring in adulthood is important due to its general “neuro-psyco-socio” and its specific biological implications, since trauma during childhood impacts directly on neurodevelopment. It has been suggested that early life stress increases vulnerability to psychiatric disorders; however, the exact mechanisms of this association are not yet completely understood. Although childhood trauma could be considered too unspecific to be an important risk factor for individual psychiatric disorders since it seems to occur across the board, it impacts differently on different psychiatric disorders, and it can modulate their clinical expression. Therefore, the assessment of early trauma needs to be included in the clinical evaluation of patients with psychiatric disorders. The volume will be an invaluable tool for psychiatrists, helping them to select suitable pharmacological, psychotherapeutic and rehabilitative treatments.

Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics E-Book

Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics E-Book PDF Author: Heidi M Feldman
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0323809731
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 1212

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Book Description
Addressing the major advances in biomedical, psychological, social, and environmental sciences over the past decade, Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics, 5th Edition, remains the reference of choice for professionals in a wide range of fields, including medicine and health care, education, social service, advocacy, and public policy. This foundational, pioneering resource emphasizes children’s assets and liabilities, not just categorical labels. Comprehensive in scope, it offers information and guidance on normal development and behavior, psychosocial, and biologic influences on development, developmental disorders, neurodevelopmental disabilities, and mental health conditions. It also discusses tools and strategies for diagnosis and management, including new assessments that can be used in telehealth encounters. Offers a highly practical focus, emphasizing clinical approaches to evaluation, counseling, treatment, and ongoing care. Provides new or expanded information on theoretical foundations of human development and behavior; trauma, adverse childhood events, and resilience across the life span; mechanisms of genetic, epigenetic, and neurological conditions; and principles of psychological assessment, including a broad array of evaluation approaches. Discusses management and treatment for developmental and behavioral conditions, spanning common factors, cognitive behavior therapies, rehabilitative services, integrative medicine, and psychopharmacology. Contains up-to-date chapters on celebrating socio-cultural diversity and addressing racism and bias, acute stress and post-traumatic stress disorder in youth, sexuality and variation, and alternatives to restrictive guardianship. Begins each chapter with a colorful vignette that demonstrates the importance of the human dimensions of developmental-behavioral pediatrics. Offers viewpoints from an interdisciplinary team of editors and contributors, representing developmental-behavioral pediatrics, general pediatrics, psychiatry, psychology, occupational and physical therapy, speech-language pathology, and law. Provides the latest drug information in the updated and revised chapters on psychopharmacology. Includes key points boxes, tables, pictures, and diagrams to clarify and enhance the text.

The Handbook on Child Welfare Practice

The Handbook on Child Welfare Practice PDF Author: Jennifer M. Geiger
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030739120
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 335

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Book Description
This unique, multidisciplinary resource incorporates cutting-edge research and best practices in child welfare into a text that aims to teach and refine advanced child welfare skills for aspiring child welfare professionals. Featuring real-life examples and stories from the field, the handbook discusses existing methods and challenges in the field of child welfare practice. Chapters also include materials for instructors to use in classrooms or training settings. Among the topics covered: Overview of child welfare policies and how the child welfare system works Assessment tools and strategies used to identify various types of child abuse and neglect Individual, family, and community-level approaches to preventing child maltreatment and preserving families Promoting stability after foster care placement Effective collaboration while working with special populations Clinical supervision in child welfare practice Strategies for healthy professional development of child welfare practitioners The Handbook on Child Welfare Practice is a valuable resource as both a textbook in child welfare practice courses and a practical reference for child welfare professionals. This book will help develop a more knowledgeable and skilled child welfare workforce prepared to address the significant public health concern of child maltreatment.

The Next Big Thing in Learning and Behavioral Disabilities

The Next Big Thing in Learning and Behavioral Disabilities PDF Author: Bryan G. Cook
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1800717490
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 232

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Book Description
Responding to the need for educational stakeholders to plan for evolving developments in policy and practice for learners with learning and behavioral disabilities, the authors in this edited collection predict what the next big things in the field will be, and offer recommendations on how to prepare for that envisioned future.

An Evidence-Based Guide to Combining Interventions with Sensory Integration in Pediatric Practice

An Evidence-Based Guide to Combining Interventions with Sensory Integration in Pediatric Practice PDF Author: Erna Imperatore Blanche
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000481670
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 348

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Book Description
This book offers practical ideas on the combination of sensory integration theory principles with other evidence-based approaches in the evaluation and treatment of multifaceted issues in children with disabilities. Using the ICF Model, a Clinical Reasoning Model, and featuring numerous case studies, the opening chapters focus on the evidence for combining intervention approaches with diagnoses most often encountered in clinical practice. The latter half of the book covers the delivery of services using blended intervention approaches in different settings, such as the school, the hospital, and in nature. Featured are existing community programs illustrating the combination of approaches in practice. Appendices include reproducible resources, a guide to assessments, and approaches. The text will guide occupational therapists and other health professionals working with children and adolescents across a variety of settings in using clinical reasoning skills in a systematic manner that will lead to better interventions.

Addressing Challenging Behaviors and Mental Health Issues in Early Childhood

Addressing Challenging Behaviors and Mental Health Issues in Early Childhood PDF Author: Mojdeh Bayat
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429513909
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 252

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Book Description
Now in a fully updated second edition, this essential volume provides research-based strategies to help educators address challenging behaviors in early childhood and elementary years. Drawing on research and approaches from the fields of neuroscience, child development, child psychiatry, counseling, and applied behavior analysis, this text offers teachers simple strategies to manage behaviors and promote mental health and resilience in young children. Thoroughly updated to reflect new developments in neuroscience, trauma, and physical and mental health, this second edition also features an entirely new chapter on classroom approaches in child mental health, including the interaction of technology with challenging behaviors and mental health issues. Comprehensive, multidisciplinary, and culturally responsive, this critical resource provides new and experienced educators and coaches with educational and intervention approaches that are appropriate for all children, with and without disabilities.

Rorschach Assessment of Psychotic Phenomena

Rorschach Assessment of Psychotic Phenomena PDF Author: James H. Kleiger
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1351984918
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 314

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Book Description
Rorschach Assessment of Psychotic Phenomena takes the reader beyond where James H. Kleiger’s original work, Disordered Thinking and the Rorschach, left off. This new book offers readers a number of conceptual bridges between Rorschach characteristics commonly associated with psychotic phenomena and a range of psychological, neurocognitive, and psychoanalytic constructs that help psychologists move beyond static, test-bound interpretations of scores and indices. Beginning with a broad-based understanding of disordered thinking and reality testing, Kleiger provides an updated review of the contributions of past Rorschach luminaries and contemporary figures who have helped make the Rorschach a robust tool for assessing aspects of psychotic-level experience. The contributions of major figures are highlighted and assessed in terms of their empirical, conceptual, and practical implications. In addition to providing a balanced, respectful review of each of these leading figures and the systems they developed, Kleiger offers a new way of organizing and conceptualizing what is currently understood about Rorschach scoring variables pertaining to psychotic phenomena. Kleiger’s aim is to help Rorschach practitioners not only consolidate their grasp of key scoring variables and what each means about an individual’s thought processes and internal experiences, but also expand their clinical understanding of the psychotic phenomena being assessed. He includes a wide range of psychotic phenomena, like negative symptoms, cognitive impairment, magical thinking, and impairment of insight, all of which are subjects of diagnostic interest when using the Rorschach with psychotically prone individuals. The final section on psychopathology looks at how the Rorschach is useful in differential diagnosis of primary psychoses and those conditions that may include secondary psychotic phenomena. In step with contemporary DSM-5 standards, Kleiger organizes his discussion of severe psychopathology in a manner consistent with how psychotic phenomena are currently understood in the clinical and scientific literature. In addition to reviewing key clinical characteristics of these conditions, along with Rorschach contributions to the diagnosis of these disorders, he also focuses his lens on the Rorschach assessment of malingered psychosis and psychotic phenomena in children and adolescents. Written with the same well-researched attention to detail and integrative style as Kleiger's earlier work, Rorschach Assessment of Psychotic Phenomena will prove invaluable to clinical psychologists, psychiatrists, and psychoanalysts interested in understanding and assessing psychosis. ?